Sugar industry


25th Jan, 2011


There are a few small and medium sugar mills in Assam. A good amount sugar cane farming is done at Kamrup and Sibsagar district in Assam. In 1955, the first sugar mill in Assam was established at Barua Bamun Gaon of Golaghat under the co-operative sector. It started commercial production from 1958. Golaghat, Nagaon, Jorhat, Sibsagar, Karbi Anglong are the main district who were supplied raw material for the mill. Assam imports more than 80 thousand tones of suger every year. This mill has the capacity to press 320 quintals of sugar cane daily. In 1959-60, the total production of sugar by this mill was 48,000 maunds. The major problem of this mill is that it has to collect sugarcane from far-flung areas. Due to the inadequate supply of cane, the production of this mill is declining. This mill also produces some amount of wine and spirit. Total authorised capital of the Assam Co-operative sugar Mill Limited of Barua Bamungaon is Rs. 2 crore and the working capital of this mill is Rs. 40 lakhs. Total share of the Government of Assam is to the extent of Rs. 27 lakhs. This mill has generated employment opportunities to nearly 1000 persons. Chargola in Karimganj district was the second sugarmill of Assam, which has started production since 1977. Another sugar mill was established in 1971 at Ratabari in Cachar district of Assam. This sugar mill is having the capacity to press 1250 tonnes of sugarcane per day. This mill had started its commercial production and soon after became sick and had to be closed down in its initial stage. There are a few Khansari mills also in Assam. These are located at Kampur in Nagaon district, Manja and Hawripur in Karbi Angolg district, Biswanath Chariali in Sonitpur district and Karchantal near Jamuguri in Golaghat district. These mills have now shifted to the production of beer, wine and spirit.


The production of sugarcane has increased these days. Therefore, there is much scope for the establishment of a few more sugar mills in Assam. Especially in the cane growing district like Barpeta, Nalbari, Baksa, Kamrup and in the Barak Valley.


Insufficient raw material, under utilization of the capacity of the factories, insufficient marketing, the use of old and apostate machinery are some problems faced by sugar mill industries in Assam.