Chandrabala Baruah
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A quiet social worker, Chandrabala Baruah was not only a season writer but a brilliant and a lady of amicable disposition as well. She was in fact a pioneer who tried to spread women’s education in Assam. She wrote stories, articles and poems in ‘Ghar Jeuti’, ‘Banhi’, ‘Awahan’, ‘Jayanti’ etc through her pseudonym "Alka". Unfortunately the talent of such a reticent extra ordinary personality withered like the petals of flowers bloomed in wasteland. But as the saying goes, talent never dise only mortal body perishes.

Chandrabala Baruah was born on the full moon day of the month of Bhadra in 1907 to the famous patangia family of Tezpur Kaliabor. Her father was late Sonaran Patangia and mother late Mahindri Patangia. In her childhood, she was fondly called "Chandrawali" or "Chandrabala" by her parents. But for the cruel destiny, she lost her beloved mother at very tender age of three but her aunt late Sumitra Patangia took the charge of Mahindri’s nine children. She did it with so much love and care that nobody could know that she was not their real mother. Chandrabala’s father married three times. Late Bodhonath Patangia was her eldest brother. He was the first Assamese Advocate of Tezpur fine actor and skilled artist. People from different corners of Assam, Dibrugarh, Sivsagar, and Jorhat came to enjoy his acting in the role of Chanakya. Chandrabala’s life was influenced to a great extent because of such environment at her home.

Her student life started in the local town hall school. Afterward she studied in the Tezpur Girls M.V. School. From that school she appeared in the middle school scholarship and secured one of the three scholarships awarded at that point of time in the whole Assam Valley. She could not proceed for higher education as she had been suffering from many ailments like dysentery, piles, anemia etc. Her Brother Bodohonth Patangia brought admission from Calcutta to get her admitted in the famous Bathun College. But her adopted mother did not want to send her far away because of her ill health. So the chapter ended thereto.

Later on, she completed Senior Training from Nogaon Mission School with distinction. Initially she was not allowed to join the training course as she was not above 16 years, but she got this opportunity because of the then Inspector of school, Ms. Geret.

In 1919, the month of January, she joined the Tezpur Girl’s M.V. School as 3rd Assistant Teacher where Chandraprabha Saikia was the headmistress. That period was catastrophic for the Patangia family as because within the span of one year, epidemic Black fever claimed the lives of seven members of their consecutively one after another. Her eldest brother Bodhonth Patangia also died succumbing to the same epidemic. His sad death and this catastrophe left the Patangia family in a pitiable condition. Poverty encompassed them. Therefore getting a job was top priority for her just to run the house. But after serving for one year only in 1920, Chandrabala Boruah was also infected by same deadly disease. At that time, Non Co-operation Movement was going on in full swing. Her small elder brother Puran Patangia was swayed away by the wave of the movement. So refusing to study in "Golami School" any more, he left his studies. That same year, her second elder brother also died of tuberculosis. They became helpless. Lakshmikanta Barua of Nagaon, a friend of their family came to know about one Brahmachri injection and he informed Patangia family about this. Chandrabala Baruah was thus able to take this injection per kind favor of Kiranmayee Agarwalland which cured her from the five year old Black Fever. Thus Chandrabala escaped from the jaw of death.

Chandrabala ornamented the chair of the Headmistress of school in 1936 and she remained there till 15th August 1967 carrying out the heavy duty & responsibilities.

On 15th January 1928, Tezpur Mahila Samiti was established. She was the founder President of this society. This society celebrated Jaymati Utsab every which attracted the people of Tezpur. The union of teenagers named "Usha Chatar Sabhaa" also joined its hand in celebrating Joimoti Utsab which made the event a grand success. Incidentally Bishnu Prasad Rava also participated in the festival. Chandrabala welcome Gandhiji on his visit to Tezpur in 1934 and offered him a contribution of one hundred and one rupees towards his Horizon fund (fund for the depressed classes among the Hindus as called by Mahatma Gandhi). Gandhiji was so happy that he patted her on the back uttering "Good girl". Gandhiji narrated how "Swaraj" could be attained through spinning yarns and discarding foreign cloths.

Though initially due to her ill health and many other reasons not marry but later on in the year 1936 on the particular day of "Rash Purnima" on the month of "Aghun", she married to Shibakanta Barua of Nogaon. Shibakanta Barua worked as a trainer in technical Training School of Tezpur. Later on he was promoted to the officer in Charge of the Technical Training Center. They had their permanent residence at Polo Field, Tezpur. They had a happy married life. But irony of fate! They were not fortunate enough to have their own children in their married life. This childless couple lessened their sorrow by filling up their vacuum with adoption of two boys and upbringing them with much love and affection. They were named as Kamal baruah and Naibedya Baruah respectively.

Right from childhood Chandrabala Baruah had a keen interest in studies and a flare for writing. But unfortunately, she could not acquire higher education. His eldest brother subscribed for many newspapers and magazines for their residence. He subscribed Banhi ‘Alochani’, ‘Banhi’, ‘Usha’, and ‘Asom Bandhob’, children monthly magazine "Akana" and "Arun" which gave her an environment for studies. She turned over the pages of different papers and magazines even when she could not read and understand them. Afterwards it became her habit. This habit had influenced her life tremendously. She was delighted in solving the puzzles published in "Akan" and "Arun". Once she was able to get prizes from Jabakusum Company of Kolkata for solving such puzzles. Afterwards she started writing short stories. She wrote innumerous stories, articles, and poems in Abahan, Banhi, and Jayanti in pen name "Alaka". She wrote a poem on Muga cloth and gifted it to one of her nephews on the occasion of his wedding. She had to prepare all the felicitation/ citation offered to the famous peoples, patriotic leaders like Gandhiji, Acharyya Kripalini, and Bishnuram Medhi etc on their visit to Tezpur.

For two consecutive years (1963 to 1965) Tezpur Mahila Samiti arranged coaching classes for 25 private girl students who wanted to appear in the matriculation examination. Chandrabala took the sole responsibility of taking care of these girls by keeping them in her own polo field residence. She took the help of one retired Govt. high school teacher Late Ludairam Das and Smti Arati Das, wife of noted educationist and politician Bipin Pal Das for teaching these girls. She also purchased their necessary articles including books and even sometimes offered little monitory help whatever she could. While in night, sleeping in her bed, Chandrabala thought about their studies. "That girl is weak in math, if she can be given a private tuition this time, she may get the scholarship" "This girl is very poor. This time 3.00 should be given to her from my salary" Yes for a true teacher who can be dearer than her student.

She was strict in her class room but she at the same time encouraged and inspired the students to participate in annual meeting, dance, recitation play etc. and became one of them. She visited house to house to break the news of getting scholarship to the recipients.

Tolerance and patience were the basic qualities of this silent worker Chandrabala Baruah. This lady could recite self composed poems in different meetings. She appealed the womenfolk to come out of the conservative and orthodox mindset through her speeches. As the founder president to Tezpur Mahila Samiti, Chandrabala proposed Bhumuraguri as the location of the second bridge over Brahmaputra.

In the later part of her life, she probably suffered from depression. She burned many of her writings. Asom Pradeshik Mahila Samiti wanted to felicitate her. So they approached her but she refused the proposal. She was mentally perturbed, frustrated and became dumb in an endless mental agony for which she did not hesitate to destroy her own creations. "Conscious people are always neglected". Is this saying applicable in the life of Chandrabala Baruah?


As a writer she contributed a lot to the readers of Assam. Sadly enough, many of her works could not be traced out. A few unpublished writing which were mixed in the bundle of old papers were recovered by his son Naibedy Mariah. Handing over these materials he said in much grief and anger "Mother destroyed her own creations". Her passionate love to her mother tongue was vividly revealed in her writings - thus outpouring through her words:-

Dearest one is my mother tongue

You are water of my heart.

You are my nectar, river of heaven

You thought me so many things

Quenched my grief

How can I invoke you?

Am left with tears only,

Dearest my mother tongue,

You are water of my heart

You are nectar, river of heaven,

You are my abstract,

You taught me from my birth

How can I invoke you?

Today I have none.

Though she did not disclose her feelings of a woman who could not become a mother, she loved children with all her heart. She wised the children with brighter future.

My blessing to the children

Be light of education for every home

Let it bloom in their tender hearts.

Take pious love

Spreading the colt of education

Let the light lit in every heart

The light of Assam lamp

The light of education

She wrote this congratulatory note on the publication of "Asom Jyoti" offered my trivial contribution. Is really this co operation small? This relentless social worker and teacher left for heavenly abode on 24th January 1983 in her own residence at polo field Tezpur due to old age problems may her soul rest in peace.


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