Doli Talukdar
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Doli Talukdar

Doli Talukdar, who contributed to various branches of Assamese literature, has occupied a distinguished place  in the history of Assamese literature. She wrote a numbers of short stories, articles, travelogues, children poems, musical features  etc. to her credit. She had also translated many books from other languages into Assamese. Doli Talukdar published a number of short stories in different magazine of Assam, besides two books Modhu Lekha (1963) and Man mati Aru Megh. Following books translated by her had been published by National Book Trust of India. They are-Jagari a Bangla novel of Sitanath Bhaduri, Balargi Mor Kakai of Balaraj Chanani’s English biography Balarji my Brother, translated novels Mrityur Pichat,Jakhalar Khopani and a small short, compilation.The travelogues, comics and children writings are yet to be published together.

Doli Talukdar was born on 14th November, 1930 in her maternal uncle’s house at Jorpukhuri, Guwahati.Her father was Thaneswar Hazarika and mother was Sudhalata Hazarika.Sudhalata Hazarika was the daughter of Mahendra Lal Barua, the brother of historical scholar Kanak Lal Barua.Doli Talukdar was also closely related to eminent literature Dimbeswar Neog and Dr. Maheswar Neog. As such, she acquired strong imaginary power, sensitivity and alerthness to know life and the world inherited from hereditary ability. Moreover, she could think minutely and learn the technique to arrabge and analyse story, influenced by the qualities of famous Barua family. Doli Talukdar began her education in Saint Mary’s School, Guwahati, and then transferred to Tarini Vharan Girls High School (Now Higher Secondary) and passed Matriculation examination in First Division from Calcutta University, in the year 1947. She attained her B.A. Degree from Handique Girls’ College, in 1951, She got married to a noted literature, Journalist and dramatist, Phani Talukdar. She joined in T.C.High School in 1956 as a teacher and successfully retired on 30th April , 1993. During her service, she took Masters Degree in Assamese. She passed B.T. and took E.T. degree from Gauhati University. As a recognition for long an successful service, Government of India offered her the National Teachers’ Award, in the year 1989.

Doli Talukdar acquired almost all the qualities of propse literature. She started to warded to write story at the age of twelve years. She got inspiration for writing from her father Thaneswae Hazarika who was also a writer. Hazarika hailed from Disial village on the bank of river Dikhow of Sibsagar. He was attracted to foreign literature. He translated two foreign books into Assamese.They were Dinadukhi from La Miserable of Victor Hoogo and the life sketch of revolutionary Poet Rajal. She also composed certain lovely poems too.The association of such a father made Doli Talukdar a devotee to literature.

Doli Talukdar picked up the source and plot of her stories from different stages of the society. The sympathy for the downtrodden, and exploited, love for the poor and faith in traditional values are special features of her story . She selected the characters from common people. Naturally, she was soft hearted and thereby she composed her story centering round the life of domestic, vegetable and cloth selling women. She was expert in presenting a trivial incident artistically. She collected the materials of her story from real life and gave a “Type’, through her creative ability. The virtue of her writings appeared in distinct narration. Her language was simple, soft and freely expressed. She picked up words from spoken language and foreign words needed for arranging the plot, but modified and controlled so carefully, so that they are suited to the written language, following norms of grammar. Lyrical appeal could be noticed in her prose, for rhythmic pattern of syntax. The sense of refinement and moderation made her writing pleasant for the readers. It is seen that her language had followed  the’Baidarbhi Style’ and retained the gravity of writings, In spite  of her restrained art of narration, excessive elaboration  sometimes hinder in the spontaneous flow of thoughts.

Doli Talukdar, although, restored propriety and liberty of women, still her characters are symbol of sacrifice and tolerance. She never kept aside the tradition at the cost of mere mere modernism. Rather, she treated so called modernism with flattery. She expressed various female characters in certain stories. She depicted women as noble mothers in a number of stories. The feelings and emotions, tastes and likings, hopes and aspirations, weaknesses and addictions etc. were befittingly arranged in her stories she kept full faith on power of women. In her writings, the women characters could face conflicts and revolted against awkward positions, but never surrendered to such situation when necessitated , she took them as challenge for succeeding goal’ Doli Talukdar wanted people to lead life based on the  Indian social ideology and spirituality, which had been reflected in some of her stories. In her story there is a slight tone of feminism, but they never showed hatred to man. Contrary to that she analysed sympathetically the psychology of men. She reminded women about their duties and responsibilities of house hold affairs and encouraged them to come up, joining hands with man in cordial manner, she retained that ideals almost in all stories. Panchali a mind blowing story had been incorporated in ‘Madhu Lekha’. In that story Panchali revolted against the selfish act of the society dominated by man. Morover, she did not give up ideals of traditional society. Upendra Nath Sarma,  the literary critic viewed Doli Talukdar’s story Panchali as a successful story that showed the ability to retain a place in any compilation of post war literature. The structure of the story has integration and its characters were not over flown with emotion. The beginning, middle portion and ending of the story in controlled by the natural structural process.

Doli Talukdar made her travelogues so lively and full of narrations . She made her children literature simple, comrade filled with moral values. She wrote her articles surrounding the chosen subject and made them thoughtful. She Kept the same style and fluency in her translated works. Doli Talukdar, an educationist and writer was equally involved with social works. She joined the Camp of Integration ‘held at Hyderabad as a selected teacher. She attended the conference of world country Women as a representative from India and visited Europe and –Africa. She was invited as a resource person in the workshop organized by the N.C.E.R.T., New Delhi, where in the trained up the members present with modern art and technique of writing drama, showing her caliber’ Doli Talukdar was devoted  to songs an drama since her student life she played parts in Stage and Radio drama . She was awarded as the best actress of All India Radio, during 1948-50,She was a regular participant in various talks and as an educationist, literature, social worker and as an artist of cultural field, inspired by her father. As she declared herself, Asom Keshari Ambukagiri Rai Choudhury and learned fellow Dr.Surye Kr. Bhuyan were two torches that enlightened her golden path of life with their valuable advice and instructions. After death, friends and well wishers of Doli Talukdar wrote in their memorial addresses that her husband phani Talukdar extended necessary guidance to bring into reality of her inborn qualities. She herself too expressed her indebtedness to him.

In this way heredity, favourable circumstance, source of inspiration help Doli Talukdar to develop her inborn qualities. The light of her talent and instinct spread to several parts of India, As a result, some of her excellent short stories had been translated into Hindi, Gujrati and Bengali Languages and esteemed readers of those states get the opportunity to have taste of her stories Doli Talukdar, the brilliant lady passed away on 27th Nov, 1996.



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