Hironmoyi Devi was one of the most prominent
patriotic literary artists of Assam. Deep partriotism,
humanism, social responsibility, sweet feelings of women hood,
greed and the integrity of society and life are the main
characteristics of her writings, Poems , songs, articles life
stories (memoirs), travelogue, children’s prose etc. are the
fields where Mrs Devi has shown her intelligence . But,
originally she is a poet only. In the preface to her
book’Matir Sakir Sikha’ Assamese critc Late Munin Borkotoki
states’ The presence of humane quality, controlled and strong
feelings have touched the heart of the readers, her feelings
is not personal now, it is fully public’. Her poems are very
simple and very very sensitive. In his book”The conquest of
happiness” Bertrand Russel states that “Happiness is promoted
by associations of persons with similar Hironmooyi Devi’s life
is a successful one. She herself states, “The social,
political and human problems of own nation and the ecological
diversity creates some vibration in the mind and I try to
express them softly in paper”.
Hironmoyi Devi was born in 1933 at Nagaon
District, father was late Tilak Ch. Sharma and mother was the
late Sabitribala Devi. Tilak Ch. Sharma was a good actor and a
play wright. He was also interested in the field of education
and culture. Her mother was too interested in education.
Despite their limited facilities all children were very
intelligent. The family shifted to Guwahati because of Tilak
Ch. Sharma’s posting to Guwahati. Hironmoyi Devi started her
school life at a mission school, where she got double
promotion because of her intelligence. Here in this school
for the first time she came in touch with the Holy Bible.
Next, she was shifted to Panbazar Govt Girls’ High School.
Unfortunately, due to Second World War the school was run at
home, because the school was used as army camp.
In the year 1947, Hiromoyi Devi was promoted from
class VIII to class IX. But, in the same year she got married
to Mr. Ratikanata Sharma a resident of Manahkuchi Village,
Hazo. After graduation Mr. Sharma worked in a school in his
village, but he got permanent job at the office of commission
Guwahati. Staying at her parental home in 1949 Smt. Devi
successfully passed H.S.L.C. examination, having letter marks
in two subjects and was placed second position in the
University for which she got a scholarship of Rupees twenty.
After HSLC examination she was allowed to go to
her husband’s house. Teenager, Hironmoyi Devi found it
difficult to settle down in a rural family. But, very soon she
earned affection, care and respect from all. During those time
college education for such rural daughter-in-law was
impossible, but Hironmoyi Devi could do it because of her
excellent result in HSLC. She got admission at Handique Girls’
College in Arts stream. They managed a small cottage at
Silpukhuri area where, she started her college and family
life. In 1951 she successfully passed I.A. examination
holding first class as a result to which the scholarship of
Rupees 20 continued.
After the I.A. examination she earned
motherhood too. Because of the new born baby she not go to
college. During that time she was thinking about private
examination, but finally changed her mind and continued her
regular degree. With the help of a refugee lady, she managed
her family. And finally in the year 1954 she cleared her
degree securing distinction marks from Handique Girl’s
College. Actually she could appear her final examination in
1953, but due to the second child it could not be done. She
earned this degree with hard labour.
In the year 1956, Hironmoyi Devi joined Tarini
Chodhuri Girls High School. She wanted to complete MA in
Sanskrit, but it could not happen because of several problems.
In the next year she got her third child. But, in 1959 she was
sent for BT from TC school to the University and in the year
1960 she passed the BT examination.
Once again Devi got opportunity for her education.
The Government decided to extend school education from eleven
years to twelve years. As a result few selected teachers were
sent to University for a year only to complete the Master’s
Degree.From TC Girl’s School two leady teachers were selected
for this programme, they were Mrs. Devi and Doli Talukdar. But
once again a problem arouse, in 1961 twins came to her
life.This new born twins almost vanished her dream of taking
post graduate degree. But the principal Indira Devi and her
colleagues supported her for the degree. In the year 1964 the
6th and the last child came to her life. After a
long wait in 1968 she got second class MA in English, which
was achieved after 14years from the time of graduation.
Finally,1973 the Higher Secondary section was introduced and
she was promoted as a subject teacher . And after a long
service of 36 years she retired from TC School.
Teaching was her aim and hobby. She read every day
to help the students. According to her with a good quality of
teaching a man can not be a good teacher, he or she must be an
ideal figure for the students. While staying with the
students, she forgets all the pain of life and works for the
development of humane quality of the students. Mrs. Hironmoyi
Devi believed in “Simple living and high thinking.” Every time
Devi tried to share her knowledge of life with the students.
She was equally a teacher-mother and wife and in
every field she was very sincere. The Holy Geeta was her
inspiration of idle life style. Sometimes, Devi shared about
her married life and told fir a wife both carries some special
qualities, if both share live, feeling and co-operation, the
family becomes successful. In this regard the wife, gets a
free environment for development of her personalities. She
always dedicated her heart and soul, to her profession. Her
aim was to give something to our motherland. Devi sincerely
performed her duties and all her children were very smart and
well established in their life.
Hironmoyi Devi got her literary talent from her
father. She started writing from the sixties and published
three volume of poetry among them one is a Jape poem
collection . On the other hand she has published two volumes
of poetry for children too. She has also published one life
sketch and a translated book. In the beginning of sixth decade
there was a magazine called “Urli” where she wrote about women
characters of world literature , the section was called ”Amor
Shristi”. Her first article was published in the newspaper’ The
Notun Asomiya’. She touched almost in all subjects like
education, literature, culture, criticism, social problems,
contribution in literature in like golden ornaments of an age.