Hironmoyi Devi
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Hironmoyi Devi

Hironmoyi Devi was one of the most prominent patriotic literary artists of Assam. Deep partriotism, humanism, social responsibility, sweet feelings of women hood, greed and the integrity of society and life are the main characteristics of her writings, Poems , songs, articles life stories (memoirs), travelogue, children’s prose etc. are the fields where Mrs Devi  has shown her intelligence . But, originally she is a poet only. In the preface to her book’Matir Sakir Sikha’ Assamese critc Late Munin Borkotoki states’ The presence of humane quality, controlled and strong feelings have touched the heart of the readers, her feelings is not personal now, it is fully public’. Her poems are very simple and very very sensitive. In his book”The conquest of happiness” Bertrand Russel states that “Happiness is promoted by associations of persons with similar Hironmooyi Devi’s life is a successful one. She herself states, “The social, political and human problems of own nation and the ecological diversity creates some vibration in the mind and I try to express them softly in paper”.

Hironmoyi Devi was born in 1933 at Nagaon District, father was late Tilak Ch. Sharma and mother was the late Sabitribala Devi. Tilak Ch. Sharma was a good actor and a play wright. He was also interested in the field of education and culture. Her mother was too interested in education. Despite their limited facilities all children were very intelligent. The family shifted to Guwahati because of Tilak Ch. Sharma’s posting to Guwahati. Hironmoyi Devi started her school life at a mission school, where she got double promotion because of her intelligence. Here in this school  for the first time she came in touch with the Holy Bible. Next, she was shifted to Panbazar Govt Girls’ High School. Unfortunately, due to Second World War the school was run at home, because the school was used as army camp.

In the year 1947, Hiromoyi Devi was promoted from class VIII to class IX. But, in the same year she got married to Mr. Ratikanata Sharma a resident of Manahkuchi Village, Hazo. After graduation Mr. Sharma worked in a school in his village, but he got permanent job at the office of commission Guwahati. Staying at her parental home in 1949 Smt. Devi successfully passed H.S.L.C. examination, having letter marks in two subjects and was placed second position in the University for which she got a scholarship of Rupees twenty.

After HSLC examination she was allowed to go to her husband’s house. Teenager, Hironmoyi Devi found it difficult to settle down in a rural family. But, very soon she earned affection, care and respect from all. During those time college education for such rural daughter-in-law was impossible, but Hironmoyi Devi could do it because of her excellent result in HSLC. She got admission at Handique Girls’ College in Arts stream. They managed a small cottage at Silpukhuri area where, she started her college and family life. In 1951 she successfully passed I.A. examination holding first class as a result to which the scholarship of Rupees 20 continued.

After the I.A. examination she earned motherhood too. Because of the new born baby she not go to college. During that time she was thinking about private examination, but finally changed her mind and continued her regular degree. With the help of a refugee lady, she managed her family. And finally in the year 1954 she cleared her degree securing distinction marks from Handique Girl’s College. Actually she could appear her final examination in 1953, but due to the second child it could not be done. She earned this degree with hard labour.

In the year 1956, Hironmoyi Devi joined Tarini Chodhuri Girls High School. She wanted to complete MA in Sanskrit, but it could not happen because of several problems. In the next year she got her third child. But, in 1959 she was sent for BT from TC school to the University and in the year 1960 she passed the BT examination.

Once again Devi got opportunity for her education. The Government decided to extend school education from eleven years to twelve years. As a result few selected teachers were sent to University for a year only to complete the Master’s Degree.From TC Girl’s School two leady teachers were selected for this programme, they were Mrs. Devi and Doli Talukdar. But once again a problem arouse, in 1961 twins came to her life.This new born twins almost vanished her dream of taking post graduate degree. But the principal Indira Devi and her colleagues supported her for the degree. In the year 1964 the 6th and the last child came to her life. After a long wait in 1968 she got second class MA in English, which was achieved after 14years from the time of graduation. Finally,1973 the Higher Secondary section was introduced and she was promoted as a subject teacher . And after a long service of 36 years she retired from TC School.

Teaching was her aim and hobby. She read every day to help the students. According to her with a good quality of teaching a man can not be a good teacher, he or she must be an ideal figure for the students. While staying with the students, she forgets all the pain of life and works for the development of humane quality of the students. Mrs. Hironmoyi Devi believed in “Simple living and high thinking.” Every time Devi tried to share her knowledge of life with the students.

She was equally a teacher-mother and wife and in every field she was very sincere. The Holy Geeta was her inspiration of idle life style. Sometimes, Devi shared about her married life and told fir a wife both carries some special qualities, if both share live, feeling and co-operation, the family becomes successful. In this regard the wife, gets a free environment for development of her personalities. She always dedicated her heart and soul, to her profession. Her aim was to give something to our motherland. Devi sincerely performed her duties and all her children were very smart and well established in their life.

Hironmoyi Devi got her literary talent from her father. She started writing from the sixties and published three volume of poetry among them one is a Jape poem collection . On the other hand she has published two volumes of poetry for children too. She has also published one life sketch and a translated book. In the beginning of sixth decade there was a magazine called “Urli” where she wrote about women characters of world literature , the section was called ”Amor Shristi”. Her first article was published in the newspaper’ The Notun Asomiya’. She touched almost in all subjects like education, literature, culture, criticism, social problems, contribution in literature in like golden ornaments of an age.


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