Nirupama Borgohain
Home  
Ajali Tora Neog  
Ambika Goswami  
Amiya Chakraborty  
Amrit Priya Devi  
Annada Devi Barkataky  
Anu Baruah  
Anuradha Das  
Aroti Saikia  
Bani Pathak  
Bimal Bhagawati  
Bishnu Priya Devi  
Bishnu Priya Dutta Barua  
Braja Bala Devi  
Chandrabala Baruah  
Chandrawati Devi Kotoky  
Chandra Prabha Saikiani  
Dharmalata Baruah  
Divya Prabha Bharali  
Eliza Whitney Brown  
Fatema Khatun  
Gyana Bala Barua  
Heera Prabha Baruah  
Hemalata Baruah  
Hema Prabha Hazarika  
Hema Prabha Saikia  
Hema Prabha Das  
Hema Prabha Goswami  
Hemalata Dutta  
Hemnalini Goswami  
Himala Boruani  
Hiranyamoyi Devi  
Hirawati Gohain Barua  
Jumuneshwari Khatonier  
Kabya Bharati Dharmeshwari Devi Baruani  
Kamalalaya Kakoty  
Kamalini Borbora  
Kanaklata Chaliha  
Khirada Kumari Baruah  
Krishna Priya Hazarika  
Kunjalata Devi  
Malabika Goswami  
Manorama Bhattacherjee  
Mini Amonz  
Nalini Bala Devi  
Neelima Dutta  
Nikunjalata Chaliha  
Nirupama Baruah  
Nirupama Kotoky  
Nirupama Phukan  
Padmakumari Borgohain  
Padmapriya  
Padmawati Devi Phukanani  
Phuleswari Dutta  
Pranita Devi  
Pratibha Devi  
Rajbala Das  
Raseswari Khatonier  
Sabitri Borgohain  
Saradabala Das  
Sarojbala Dutta  
Saruj Kumari Padmapati  
Shashi Prabha Dutta  
Shudha Baruah  
Sneh Devi  
Snehalata Devi  
Soshme Nurjahan Begum  
Soujanyamayee Bhattachryya  
Suprabha Devi  
Suprabha Goswami  
Suprova Dutta  
Swarnalata Barua  
Tarini Devi  
Trailokeswari Devi Baruani  
Usha Bhattacharyee  
Usha Barthakur  
Umeshari Goswami  
Puspalata Das  
Xhirada Neog  
Basundhara Saikia  
 Champa Kalita  
 Nirupama Hagzer  
 Manikee Bordoloi  
 Hemalata Borah  
 Uma Baruah  
 Hareswaree Hajowaree  
 Suchibrata Raychaudhuri  
Runu Baruah  
 Doli Talukdar  
 Nirmal Prava Bordoloi  
 Nirupama Borgohain  
 Lakhya Hira Das  
 Hironmoyi Devi  
 Nilima Baruah  
 Shakina Khatun  
 Devika Saikia  
 Swarna Goswami  
 Anima Dutta  
 Annada Saikia  
 Phuleswari Pegu  
 Shovaneswari Devi Goswami  

 

Nirupama Borgohain

Nirupama Tamuli who later on came to be known as Nirupama Borgohain by virtue of marriage, started her literary career in forties and she is now an established writer in Assamese literature. The psychology of women, their struggle for identity and equality are the subjects she usually deal in her writings. She has written with sincerity and earnesbiess for the reduction of disparity faced by women in society so that they can live in society with dignity and self respect. For this reason women characters occupy a significant place in her writings. Nirupama Tamuli was born at Jur pukhuri, Guwahati on March l7,1932. Her father is late Jadav Chandra Tamuli and her mother was Kashishari Tamuli. She is called Bakul at her home. Her paternal home was at Simalia Goan which is seven miles away from Nalbari and the house of her mother was Charnarkuchi. Niruparna has a deep fascination for her village. She visits her village whenever she gets opportunity and she is impressed by the beauty of the river Pagaladiya. The picture of the villages of Nalbari, the struggle faced by the people she has met, their characteristics, and depiction of the beauty of the river Pagaladiya find expression in her fictions.

Among the seven children of her parents Nirupama was the fourth and naturally she did not get much love and care in the family. Being the mother of so many children Nirupama's mother could give special care to none. As a result the children of the family could enjoy sufficient freedom and Nirupama was not exceptional to this. She was not troubled by unnecessary restrictions at home. The parents of Niruparna Borgohain was liberal minded and they kept faith on their children. They knew that they would give importance on their faith. 

Nirupama could develop a strong and free mind as she was not restrained at home by ordinary rules. She could take the decision of her life even from her childhood. Her father was a man having an ideology. Truth fullness, honesty, and benevolence was his idealism. He transferred these qualities to his children. Bakul was very much influenced by her father's ideology and was determined to proceed in her life following these ideals. The impartial treatment of her mother to all has attracted her since her childhood. These educations received in her childhood has been considered as valuable education by her. In her childhood Nirupama was very emotional. Besides, her mind was occupied with pride and arrogance. She herself confesses, 'I am very stubborn woman. It can he said that her emotional mind helps her to become a creative writer.

From her childhood Nirupama has been interested in books other than text hooks. She was good in study. She has not been afraid of lodging protest against injustice. The school authority was confused of this brilliant yet disobedient girl. When she was reading in Panbazar school, she edited a handwritten magazine titled 'Shalita'.She also published another hand-written magazine from Tarini Charan school while she was a student of class x. It should be mentioned that the editor of the magazine was Borgohain herself and most of the contributions were made by herself.

Nirupama stood first in matriculation examination obtaining letter marks in history and sanskrit. Initially, she started her higher education in Dihrugarh, but later on she went to Cotton College to study B.Sc. At that time she was a border in Chatribari Mission Hostel. She has written her novel Cactusar Phul taking this hostel as background.

After passing the B.A from Cotton College in 1952,Nirupama went to Calcutta university to do M.A in English. She was placed in third class in M.A examination. She appeared in examination for the second time, but the result was not according to her expectation.

Niruparna started her professional career as a teacher. After this she joined in Nalbari college as lecturer in English. In 1958 she was married to Homen Borgohain the renown litterateur of Assam. At that time Borgohain was S.D.C of Nalbari. When her husband was transferred to Majuli Mrs. Ms Borgohain had to leave the job in Nalbari College and joined in a school in Majuli. She had to leave Majuli also when Borgohain was transferred to Chaigoan. She published her first anthology of short story entitled ‘Anek Akash’. After this the Borgohain family had to live in Goalpara where Nirupama wrote her first novel ‘Sei Nadi Nirahadhi’.She was happy to know that the readers received this novel with great enthusiasm.

Nirupama Borgohain worked for a few days in Goalpara College. Again her husband was transferred to Lakhimpur and she left Goalpara. She was appointed to Lakhimpur College. During this period she appeared M.A in Assamese. In 1965 Nirupama worked in Jorhat College for a few days. In 1968 she changed her field of work and started her career as a journalist. She joined as Sub-Editor in ‘Saptahik Nilachal’.During this time she composed a number of stories and novels. Samanya  Asamanya,Hriday Eta Nirjan Deep Cactusar phul, Iparar Ghar Siparar Ghar, Din Pratidin, Chaya am Chahi,Tini Kenya are the novels written during this period.

In the mean time Nirupama has been blessed by two sons. The eldest son is Anindya,and the youngest one is Pradipta.She also started a coaching centre as the salary received from Nilachal was insufficient to run her family. Due to her lack of experience she has to close the coaching school.Nirupama had her separation from her husband in 1977. She again started to work in the Nilachal.

Though she was not happy in her married life, she could not even think of separation from her husband, but to her astonishment this happened. She had to bear the burden of the family life alone from 1977 and that became very painful for her. She herself confessed that due to her arrogance and adamant attitude she had to bear the pain of running her family alone.

The period that followed was the period of Assam Movement. She had to leave her job in the Nilachal as she was honest and truthful in casting news. She has recounted her experience as reporter in the following words: The first and foremost quality of a reporter is impartiality, but this is not always so.’ She further said–‘ the artists , litterateur and scholars may speak ,write and publish many things, but in their life they themselves are not clean’. She realised that the Assamese people always have a tendency to imitate others instead of being guided by their own wisdom. At that time some thoughtful and progressive people started an organization. The name of the organization was Gana Sanskritti Vikash Samity. Ms Borgohain was also a member of that organization. She worked as an editor of the weekly ‘Janajivan’. After this she worked as the chief editor of ‘Saptahik Sachipat’

Nirupama Borgohain lodged her voice of protest against violent aspects of the movement. Somehow this was made public. Probably for this reason she was invited to two conferences which took initiation for national integrity. One of the conferences was hold in Agartala and other was hold in Calcutta. Dishari, a cultural organization of Silchar organised a festival of integration to strengthen the foundation of solidarity between the Bengali and Assamese people. Nirupama was invited to such meet also. She felt the need of such festival and he lived that honest and man with good sensibility should take initiative for peace and integrity.

Nirupama Borgohain lived with her eldest son Anindya Borgohain in Calcutta from 1989 to 1993. While she was in Calcutta she wrote her novel ‘Abhiyatri’. Coming back to Assam she took the charge of bi-weekly paper ‘Chitanggada’. But she could not continue that service too. She had to meet her expenditure from writing and the money she got from Sahityik Pension. She wrote in her book Biswas and Sangsaya.’‘I earned a little, but still I am proud of the fact that I am the only woman who earns livelihood through learning.’

Now she lives in the paternal home at Jorepukhuri with Pradipta Borgohain, lecturer of Guwahati University. 

Literary work

This book-loving writer used to read various types of books even from her childhood. She is a voracious reader of English, Assamese and Bengali books and she is interested in books other than text books. She edited two hand written magazines while she was a school student and contributions to this magazine was made by her in different names. While she was a student of class viii She became a member of Tarun Lekhak Sangha,an organization formed at that time. The president of that organization was Dr. Prafulla Dutta Goswami. She composed a short story entitled The Diary of a Nobody’ being influenced by a book of same title. She read the short story in literary sitting of the organization and she was inspired by the appreciation done by Dr. Prafulla Dutta Goswami for the story. At that time she wrote another story entitled ‘Shanta Chualijani Tai’. This story was her first printed story. This story was published in the literary anthology published by Tarun Lekhak Sangha. The story is about the psychological state of the heroine who is introspective by nature. After reading the story Dr. Goswami appreciated her very much and this inculcated confidence in her. Nirupama Borgohain has devoted her life sincerely to literary work and she has written many articles, travelogue and several novels. Here is a list of some of her creative works.

 

1.    Anek Aakash                                             (anthology of short stories)

2.    Shunyatar Kabya                                       ,,

3.    Jalachabi                                                   ,,

4.   Ipar Sipar                                                   ,,

5.   Jananir Sandhanat Ejan Deka Manuh         ,,

6.   Khiriki Kasar Gach                                     ,,

7.   Nirbachita Galpa Sankalan                         ,,

8.   Premar Babe Swapnar Babe                                    ,,

9    Sei Nadi Nirabadhi                                (Novel)

10. Dinar pichat Din                                                     ,,

11. Ejan Burah Manuh                                     ,,

12. Antah sruta                                                            ,,

13. Chaya aru Chabi                                         ,,

14. Hridai Eta Nirjan Deep                                           ,,

15. Kektachar phul                                                       ,,

16. Nami Ahe Sandhiya                                                ,,

17. Tini Kanya                                      (collection of novelette)

18. Sapunar Pichat                                                       ,,

19. Iparar Ghar Siparar Ghar                  (Novel)

20. Din pratidin                                                            ,,

21. Samanya Asamaynyd                                              ,,

22. Chinakee Achinakee                                                ,,

23. Anva Jivan                                                  ,,

24. Gosani Aai Gosani Aai                                             ,,

25. Champawati                                                            ,,

26. Ekhan Sradhat Anandasru                          ,,

27. Abhyatri                                                                 ,,

28. Bhabisyatar Ranga Surya                            ,,

29. Elbamat Herua Chabi                                              ,,

30. Nijar Para Nilagat                                      ,,

31. Ekey Jun Ekey Beli                                     ,,

32. Puwar Puravi Sandhyar Vihhas (novel written in collaboration with

       Hornen  Borgohain)

33. Dhaur Garjan         ( translated novel)

34. Akanmani Konwar (translated children novel)

35. Iparar Dhau Siparar Dhau (children novel)

36. Nana Rangi (anthology of essays)

37. Jivanar Bate Hate                                       ,,

38. Bibhinna Lekhak Bibhinna Jivan                ,,

39. Jivanar Rup Aparup                                                ,,

40. Asom (anthology oftranslated articles)

41. Biswas aru Sansayar Majedi (autobiography)

42. Baba Farid (translated biography)

43. Bhagini Nibedita                                                     ,,

44. Bhramanar Kata Rup Rang (travelogue).

Anek Aakash This collection of short story written centering round the life of domestic worker is the first published book of the writer. She reflects the life of the exploited class through her stories.

Sei Nadi Nirabadhi: Written on the background of Simalia gaon, her paternal place near the river Pagaladiya of Nalbari, this novel is the first novel of the writer. She depicts the familiar life of her village people. “A reader being impressed by this book wrote,“ this book should be translated into all the languages of India.” This really was a great compliment to the writer.

The character of Lakhmi is an impressive character of the novel Sey Nadi Nirabadhi. She is a smart, frank and sunny village girl. She has confidence on herself and can establish her opinion through logical reasoning. But the character of the smart open minded girl was never led to a happy ending. In the second chapter adult Lakhmi turns to be an ordinary widow. Her life came to an end just like an ordinary woman. Though her character was full of potentialities, yet these were not fully developed. The hero of the novel Dipu also has a tragic ending.

Dinar Pichat Din: This is the writer’s third published novel which shows that the happiness and sorrow of a married woman depends on the love and understanding of the husband. The status, fame and wealth of husband cannot make the life of wife resourceful Anu has the bitter experience of married life devoid of love and so she protested against the marriage of her sister with an unknown boy. The writer roams in the psychological sphere of the characters and it is from this stand point that the novel is unusual. The happiness and sorrow of the married life is dependent on love, a theme presented in her novel Samanya Asamanya

Ejan Burha Manuh: The novel presents two characters having opposite nature. The aged Bijoy Bharali is hurt at behaviour of his daughter in law which reminds him of his dead wife. Dr. Govinda Prasad Sarma comments,’The change of social value with the coming of the new generation finds touching expression in the novel’.The writer tries to analyse the female characters from the stand point of a male character. The importance of women lies on her capacity to serve God. In spite of having all virtues, Kamala is shadowed by the character of Ila. “The writer is successful in peeping the inner recess of women and elaborately highlights the diverse nature of women. Besides, the fact that the happiness and sorrow of the main members of the family is dependent upon women is also projected in the novel”. (Mamoni Gogoi Borgohain)

KektaChar Phul is a popular novel of the writer. The two characters of the novel Manasi and Lalitbala are able to touch the heart of the readers. Lalitbala may not look beautiful, but she is very much conscious of inner beauty. Lalitbala likes reading book and she gives importance on the beautiful aspect of life. She believes in Marxism, becomes member communist party.The heroine Manasi is brilliant, bright, intelligent and responsible. She considers Rajib’s proposal to marry her instead of marrying her sister as humiliation to her sister. She suppresses her weakness to Rajib.

Nami Ahe Sandhiya is a story of betrayal of love.

Tiny Kanya is a combination of three novels. The Novel Mar Prati Ma ram depicts the opposite character of traditional mother and progressive brave daughter. The Rupali has the power minute observation. She criticises the opportunists in the field of politics. She has no faith in God, but believes in the laws of nature.The writer through the character of Rupali depicts a character who has a clear political ideology. She is depicted as a character who is ready to fight social injustice.

Another novelette of this anthology is Aalahi Pakhir Gaii is a psychological novel. The third novel of the anthology Pitaputry is a story of fear-stricken mother and a revolutionary daughter.

Iparar Ghar Siparar Ghar is a socialistic novel of the novelist. She calls it her first feminist novel. The background of this novel is the place of her father situated near the river Pagaladiya. She creates the character of this novel from real life exercising her full energy. She also depicts the character of her greedy uncle in this novel. She depicts the life of a familiar woman with the colour of imagination through the character of Pateswari.

The father of the writer planned to build a house in the ancestral village by buying a plot of land by the side of Gangapukhuri situated in the other bank of the river Pagaladiya. The novelist also dreamt of a two-storied building from her childhood. This novel is the presentation of her fancy and pain of unfulfiliment of her dream centred round her dream house. She expresses her mental condition of that time through the character of Anjali. In the words of Govinda Prasad Sarma,” In spite of having many demerits, this novel can be considered as a valuable literary work. (Prakash,1979).

In a patriarchal society girls have to face criticism, and society is very hard in judging a girl’s character. In case of man such fault is considered negligible. The writer repeatedly expresses this in her writing. The novelist makes the character Sadari in the novel Charnpawati to express her view regarding the blame society imposes upon women.” In our society women have to bear the burden of all kinds of blarne(kalanka) .Man can escape easily. The struggle in her life makes the character of Champawati a developed character. The novelist is successful in establishing the self respect in the mind of distressed woman. She is successful in sensitizing women regarding their own problems.

Devoting a long period of life to literary work,She received award first time in her life for her novel Anyajivan. The novel is about the exploitation done to women by man. Putali is very much affected by the death of her mother due to the exploitation done by her father. Putali read books seeking solution for such atrocities. She becomes a feminist being influenced by Marxist Naren. Again Majani suffered as she could not give birth of male child. Even educated father gives importance on marriage of the daughter rather than their education. No importance is given to the opinion of the girl in case of marriage. Proper recognition is not given to women’s work. Women have to be in empty stomach .But no one notices even when women remain in empty stomach. The novel is about the injustice done to women. Nirupama receives an award ‘Najhanaur Arunamalamba from an organization named Swaswati and she also received Basanti Bardaloi Award’ from Asom Sahitya Sabha in 1988.

Bhabisyatar Rangsurya is an another novel of Nirupama Borgohain based on the life of a small boy.Other novels like Din pratidin Chinaki Achinaki, Gosani Ai express depression of new writers , need of Marxist revolution, evil effect of Assam movement etc. Jivanar Rup Aparup Elbamat Herua Chahi are the novels about terror-ridden environment of Assam.

Puwar Puravi Sandhyar Bibhas has been written in collaboration with Homen Borgohain. it is a readable novel. Every writer has his own distinguished features and so readers can easily identify the writers of the portion written by them.

Borgohain has translated several books. Among them a children novel, two biographies and an anthology of articles are worthy to mention.

The most remarkable novel of the novelist is Aviyatri. Written in two episodes the novelist unveils a life of a woman who is a writer, social reformer, and a politician. That woman was Chandraprava  Saikiani who like a spark of revolution protested against the injustice of society. She sacrificed her life for the welfare of women. The novelist feels that it needs more publicity for a woman like that. She is happy to write such a novel. Chandraprava raised the voice of protest against the system of staying behind a curtain in the conference of Asom Sahitya Sabha.She had to take the burden of unmarried mother and revolted to receive recognition of motherhood.

Nirupanta was honoured with ‘Sahitya Akademi Award’ for this novel. It is the recognition of her hard labour needed to write such a novel.

Nirupama Borgohain published an anthology of article titled Nana Rangi The articles and travelogue published in the book have been published in various news papers and magazines. The articles have still relevance in our society. These articles can give new information to the readers.

Biswas aru Sangsayar Majedy is an autobiographical book of the writer.She records not only the incidents from her life, but also the life, literature of other people. She feels that her life is full of events.It reflects some incidents of her time and from that standpoint it can be said as a valuable document of society.She writes this memoir basing on the letters and her memory. Generally a writer of an autobiography is blamed for hiding real fact of his life. But the autobiography of Nirupamas is free from such blame.

The writer expresses some truths realised by her. She writes ,“ The learning is of no value if it cannot make a real man.” Fliren Gohain says about the writer who can face the adverse situation boldly: “The writer who can fight depression and dejection with firmness and self respect has a rare sort of realization— — — — -“ Doing offence is not a serious matter, it is a general characteristics of human being. But betrayal and deceit is the ultimate degradation of human being. There is no vulgarity like this in the world.”

Borgohain has published anthologies of short stories like Jalachabi, Jananeer Sandhanat Ejan Deka Manuh, Khiriki kashar Gas, Nirhachita Galpa Sankalan ect during last five decades, and through these she sympathetically presents some elementary problems of women. Her stories created in the later part of her life are more mature than those of early stage of her life. The theme of her early stories centers round the lower status of women in society and the problem of marriage. The women presented in the stories of the late part of her life are women taking responsibility of family and society. According to Homen Borgohain the stories created in her later part of her life embraces a wide field of life.

Nirupama Borgohain believes that women have to go forward in equal pace with men in order to make themselves free from atrocities and exploitation. Besides she needs to be educated and self dependent. In her novels and short stories she presents the character of narrow-minded and selfish middle class women along with the rational, sympathetic liberal minded educated women. Her women characters usually lodge protest against the established system.They like to express their own opinion and outlook.In her writings their is the reflection of her own character in many aspects. Till date her three stories have been picturised. Her story Madhybartiny has been telecasted from Guwahati Doordarshan by Santana Bardoloi. ‘Ejan Burha Manuh’ has been telecasted serially in T.V.

The writer was inspired to write on the issues and problems of women by reading various writings of other writers. She wants to be called her a humanist rather than a feminist. According to her feminism is a part of humanism. Love for mankind is similar to love for woman.

At present the world is swept by the wave of feminism. But she does not support extremism in the name of feminism. Feminism means right to speak, to work and to think equally with men. Both men and women can fight equally against the evil elements of society. Like Verginia wolf, the writer also thinks that only economic independence can emancipate women. Emancipation of women means to recognize women as human being. But women should not deviate from the duty entrusted upon them. Due to their upbringing in patriarchal society, men fail to treat women with sympathy.

The women writers of Assam as a whole are to some extent neglected according to Borgohain. She expressed her resentment for not honouring women as the president/secretary of Asom Sahitya Sabha. As a journalist she is enriched with both good and bad experience. The diverse experience in the life of a journalist gives excitement and joy in the work. But papers in stead of presenting real fact, gives importance on exaggeration.

She said that the environment for literary work is not encouraging in Assam. She published twenty thousand copy of a book in 1963 and the number remained same even in 1987.Of course she suspects that it may be due to her poor quality of writing.

The use of Bengali words in her writing is noticeable. It is due to her excessive reading of books written in Bengali language. Besides, the workplace of her father was Dhuburi for which she had the opportunity to learn Bengali language.

The life of Borgohain is full of contradiction. She realises this now and then. Her critics say that she is looming in the midst of faith and doubt. She does not consider herself successful as writer. She considers her inability to express her thoughts properly due to the lack of strength as writer.

Nirupama Bargohain tries to investigate the human values, humanity which are going to disappear from society. Hemanta Barman,a journalist writes, “She exhibits a mind searching for human values in her stories, novels and journalistic writings. She has the capacity to peep into the the core of the heart of women and she is equally expert in understanding man and patriarchal society.”

Humanistic writer like her unveils the nature of racial arrogance and at the same time she defied boldly the public disapproval considering her anti movement. She possesses a rare personality. Munin Bayan in Ajir Batory calls her an “avowed nonconformist.”

Kalita writes, “I have a doubt that critical attitude to Axom Movement, opposition of existing order of things, and her faith in communism have deprived her of recognition that she deserves.

But it is time to give due recognition to the meritorious. This is clearly proved when she had been honoured by Sahitya Akademy Award.

She is blessed by many things in her life, but at the same time she experiences the pain of unfulfillment in her life. The love and loyalty of friends, the affection, respect of children, their success, her love to this world makes her life sweet. With this sweetness of life, breathing the smell of jasmine in hundreds of autumn may she enrich Assamese literature with more creative work. it is our earnest expectation from her.

 

 
Copyright ©SM Computer Consultants Pvt. Ltd, Guwahati, India '1998-2016'