Pushpalata Das
Ajali Tora Neog  
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 Shovaneswari Devi Goswami  


Pushpalata Das

It was the second decade of the twentieth Century. A girl child was born with a revolutionary blood in North Lakhimpur, a backward place of then backward Assam. She was the great grand, daughter of martyr Peoli Saikia who sacrificed his life for the cause of India’s freedom. That Peoli Saikia’s son was Betharam and Betharam Saikia’s son Rameswar Saikia’s was a subdeputy collector of North Lakhimpur at that time. He was the father of that girl child, who was born on 27th March, 1915. Every one used to call as ‘Ma=Kon’ whose horoscopic name was ‘Menoka’. Her mother wanted to keep her name as ‘Manashi’ as this name has close resemblance with the name ‘Menoka’. But she was suggested by somebody to choose a name starting with the alphabet ’P”. But before she came into conclusion what name is appropriate –Puspa or Punya, Makon told her name as Pushpalata in her first day at school. And from that day she has been known as “Pushpalata’ Pushapalata Saikia.


Pushpalata started her formal education in a primary school of Borpeta district of Assam as her father was posted there at that time. It is notable that she plunged into the freedom movement of India in 1921 when she was only six years old. She actively participated in khadi circulation campaign and became an active member of Sarkha Sangha. Pushpalata even led the Baan sena. After she moved to Guwahati, she began her studies in a L.P School started at the rented house of Karmavir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi. After that she took admission in Panbazar Girl’s High School. She used to go school wearing a frock made up of home span Khadi cloth woven by her mother.


Father Rameswar Saikia and mother Swarnalta Saikia brought up their three children with utmost care so that they could be well educated and self reliant in life. Pushpalata had a brother named Suren Saikia and a sister Majoni (Kalpita Duwarah) who was almost eleven years younger to her.


Ever enthusiastic, courageous and talented Pushpalata was a good dancer. She used to sing Robindra Sangeet very melodiously. She could recite with heartfelt feelings. She used to deliver speech with booming voice. She could weave even dreams in her handloom. For her self –defense she did acquire the technique to climbing and swimming wonderfully. Studious Pushpalata started writing short stories and article when she was in Class-V or VI. Her Chinese dragon tales were published in “Arun”, the only child magazine of that time. Since then she has been writing poems and articles on various topics. Lazzawati Jha, a congress worker, coming from Pune to Guwahati in 1926, was amazed to see the amalgamation of so many virtues in that ten years old girl,She was so much astonished that she wanted to take Pushpalata along with her, But Pushpalata’s father did not give his consent in this regard. Because, he believed that she would acquire proper education staying in her own place. Her intellectual growth in every step ascertained the faith of her father on her capability. But unfortunately he could not live long to see his daughter’s achievement. In 1930, Pushpalata’s father, Sub Deputy collector Rameswar Saikia took his last breath suffering from high blood pressure while he was on duty. For the first time, that fifteen years old girl received a shock in the hand of destiny. In 1930, while the whole country became tumultuous with the news of the hang order of Bhagat Singh, Pushpalata was the secretary of Chatree Sangha (Girl’s student club) of Panbazar High school. At the same time Motilal Nehru also died. To protest against the hang order and to attend the condolence of Motilal Nehru, the members of Chatree Sangha of Panbazar Girl’s High School assembled in the Curzon Hall. Except the five –six year old daughter of the Principal of Cotton College, all girl students spontaneously came out to attend the meeting held in the Curzon Hall. Though no agitation ultimately required, Pushpalata as a secretary of the girl’s club was accused of instigating the girls and she was expelled from the school. It was also told that if she could produce a letter from her guardian with a promise of never to be involved in these kinds of activities in future, she would be exempted from punishment. But her mother Swarnalata Saikia,  a women with rare dignity, refused to write that kind of litter to send her daughter back to school. AS a result Pushpalata’s education in Panbazar High School came to an end. This experience surly taught her the lesson of the importance of self respect in life.And here in the beginning of the fifteen year old girls’ non-cooperation with British Government. The demand of the withdrawal of the hang order of Bhagat Singh was sounded all around in India but the hang order of Bhagat Singh was sounded all around in India but the British Government denied of fulfill the demand. They even rejected the humble request of Gandhiji in this regard. Moved by the whole situation, Pushpalata along with some of her friends took the oath in writing sitting in a room of Kamrup Mahila Samittee library-“Dictates of the time is the dictates of our motion- Freedom of India would be our only motto until India gets independence”.Under these words of oath all four girls put their signature with their blood-Punya Prabha Barua (Rajkhowa) Sarala Saxena, Jyotshna Mazumder, Pushpalata Saikia (Das).Pushpalata had learnt to burn the needle to pick blood from Dr. Bhubanswar Baruah, Pushpalata step into acquire the lessons of struggle of life after dismissal from formal education in Panbazar girl’s high school in March,1931. Multi – talented Pushpalata could win a prize in spinning competition in 1933. She also received the prestigious-Auniati Satradhikar Award in the state level essay writing completion in 1934. Her mother Swarnalata was the source of inspiration for all hers works. Under the care of her mother, she could excel in games, instrumental music, recitation, oration, dance etc.


Swarnalata Saikia, while she was the secretary of Kamrup Mahila Samittee brought the magazine “Arthik Jagat” from Kolkata so that women of Assam could obtain proper knowledge of economics and become self-reliant. Moreover she tried her best to bring most of the magazine to the Mahila Samittee library published in Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. She showed the instance of integration by appointing Begum.Tayabulla and Miss P.Rasul together as joint secretary and Kalicharan Sen as the president in Kamrup Mahila Samittee.It was her mother who sow the seeds of patriotism in her tender mind. During the Swadeshi Movement seeing her mother throwing foreign cloths in fire Pushpalata asked her mother-“You said Gandhiji is a very nice person. Why did he ask to put fire in these clothes?”Her mother explained the reason in the language of an innocent child-“The things which should be abandoned must not be kept with us. Sometime we may be tempted to use them if we do so. If we completely destroy them and take an oath not to use them again, we can go forward with new enthusiasm”.This woman reminded Dr. Bhubanswar Baruah about his duty for his country people while Edruze Sahab wanted to take him to Africa for welfare activity in that country, That is why Dr. Baruah used to call her “Gurudev” sportingly. Even Karmabari Nabin Chandra Bordoloi, Deshabhakta Tarunram Phukon etc. also used to show grandfather British Government because, it was the exploitation of these British for which their fore father had to sacrifice his life living in the prison. Holy blood of patriotism has been flowing in the vein of Pushpalata, the great grand-daughter of revolutionary Peoli Saihia.


Swarnalata Saikia, the only protector and the source of strength and inspiration, of these three fatherless children, took her last breath in 1934 cherishing the dream of India’s independence in her heart. Pushpalata was only nineteen years old at that time. Her mother’s valuable advice, she received while her mother was in death bed, were her guidance for her life’s the country until it gets its freedom, my soul will rest in peace” Broadminded mother also told her that though she is a girl, marriage should not be her only aim in life. Music and literature can be made companion of life. She wanted Pushpalata to marry an ideal man with an attitude of sacrifice if she decides to marry in life.Those valuable advice given by her mother was always kept alive in her inner mindscape. Ebracing her brother and sister at the death of her mother, Pushpalata took an oath by heart that she would fulfill the wishes of her mother


After her mother’s death, Pushpalata went to Benaras Hindu University having passed the Matriculation. Her amazing talent sparkled during this period. She met Miss Durgabai Deshmukh during her stay in Banaras University. That woman filled up the empty space of her mother. Conferring love and care she became her guardian and occupying the place of her mother she began to indicate the direction of her life’s boat Pushpalata got the opportunity to put into practice of all her learning such as recitation, dance , singing etc, she learnt from her mother, at that time. She took part in the national level debating and recitation competition both in Hindi and English held in Banaras Hindu University. The topic of the debate was –“Idealism and Realism in literature”. Amongst the poems given for recitation were-“Bharat Tirtha”, “Bandi-Vir” and “Urvashi”. That occasion was presided over by Kabiguru Rabindranath Tegore. The sweetness of his composition  mesmerized her emotions and sensitivity. Submerged in patriotism she recited-

“O my soul, awake slowly in this holy pilgrim’s place

Where India’s greatness reigns before the ocean’s space

I spread my arms here, I renew and worship God in man.

His praise repeats…”

She again recited with amour thrill-

“Neither a mother, nor a daughter

Not even a wife in an earthly home

O’ fair Urvashi you are a denizen of heaven!”


She could present patriotic feelings and original sweetness of the poem with fluent Bengali pronunciation so beautifully that Pushpalata could win the first prize amongst so many participants. Moreover she won prizes in debating competition held in English, Hindi and Bengali medium. She could receive warm welcome standing on the stage with elegant wearing beautiful Assamese attire. She received profuse appreciation from the students coming from different parts of the country. She stood out as an unique personality amongst that erudite crowd.


Graduated from Andhra University in 1936 and Post graduated in Political Science in 1938. Pushpalata had been very closely associated with Indian’s freedom movement and art and culture of south India till 1939. She received tremendous appreciation by writing two dance-dramas –“Amritprabha” and “Chitralekha”, in response of Durgabai Deshmukh in Madras, based on the background of Assam history.


In 1939, coming back to Assam, she enrolled her name as a student in Earl Law College. In the next year, she was elected as the union Secretary. In 1938-39, she was a vice-president of Assam Student Federation. Pushpalata, who had had been longing for the freedom of India by heart, had to undergo imprisonment after she joined “Satryagraha’ while she was a union secretary of the law college. But after she was released from prison she did not come back to the law college as a student. She received lots of invitation from various schools and colleges from Assam, but her conscious yearning of freedom of India  brought her to political world and she engaged herself as an organizer women wing of congress.


From 1940 to 1942, as a member of the woman branch of National Planning Committee in Mumbai she engaged herself with various works of the  committee along with Bijoy Lakshmi Pandit and Mridula Sarabhai . Mridula Sarabhai wanted her to keep in Gujarat but she came back Assam as  in Assam women workers were very less in number and just after coming back as a joint secretary with social worker Amalprabha Das , made could realize at that time that woman of Assam have great courage in them. But they are ignorant their own strength. Besides,creating awareness amongst the women moving one after another village personally, Pushpalata. Also tried her best to make women awake their dormant strength by her writing. She used to give speeches in village after village with high pitch . She talked of their dormant strength and infused courage in them.


In the process of making India free from the bondage of subjugation, Pushpalata herself entered into a different bondage –bondage of marriage with a revolutionary gentleman Amiyo Kumar Das on 24th February 1942. Amiyo Kumar Das wanted to avoid opulence in their marriage ceremony but he could not prevent the opulence of heartfelt good wish from thousands of these two great personalities. Rajabari field of Guwahati was Jam packed with the presence of their well wisher. Nobody waited to receive any formal invitation. From that day Pushpalata Saikia became Pushpalata Das.They stepped into the conjugal life with bountiful of blessing from countless well wishes. A generous man with distinguished personality became Pushpalata’s life partner as desired by her mother.


Amiyo Kumar Das was a leader in the freedom movement, a faithful friend of deprived community, a good adviser, excellent orator, Journalist and renowned litterateur. Following the path a Gandhiji he tried to serve his country whole heartedly. His translation of Gandhi’s “My experiment with Truth’ into  Assamese is his remarkable contribution to Assamese literature. Pushpalata had to move the Tezpur along with her husband due to the transfer of his place of work. In Sonitpur she got acquainted with the workers through her husband and Vijoy Chandra Bhagawati and they planned planning new agenda for the freedom struggle. They plunged into the movement with new enthusiasm and firm determination to break free their motherland  from the grip of the foreigners. During that time Pushpalata met Jyotiprashed Agarwala as her co-worker. She also came into contact with the Satradhikar (head monk) of Nikamul Satra, Gahan Chandra Goswami, Mahadev Sharma, Biswadev Sharma and may other devoted workers,. She was overwhelmed by seeing their simplicity, eagerness and their commitment. The light of hope  for freedom brightened up. Especially  getting the artist, litterateur poet dancer, political personage like Jyoti Prashad Agarwala as her co worker, she became delighted. Jyotiprashad everything regarding their agenda with her only. She also used to seek advice from him considering him her own brother –in-law. It is notable that there was a close resemblance in their opinion. In 1942 she met Jyotiprashad as an artist as well a revolutionary.


In the same year 1942 when the whole country was flooded with the wave of freedom it also touched the heart of the people of Assam and all the revolutionaries of India formed a new party based on non-violence resistance to work for the freedom of the country. The workers of the movement were divided into two group after –“ Santi Bahini” and “Mrityu Bahini”. Many workers, group after group joined the party. Powerful speeches, leaders moved the workers with hope of freedom Boys and girls below eighteen years were prohibited to join the Mrityu Bahini  (Death Army). Surprisingly a fourteen years old girl from Gohpur came to Pushpalata with an urge to join in “Mrityu Bahini.  Thousand advice and prohibition of Pushpalata failed to deviate her from her firm determination . May be it was the illuminating speeches of Pushpalata Das that encouraged her to sacrifice her life for the great cause of India’s freedom. This fourteen years girl was no other but Kanaklata, Gentle, courageous Kanaklata appealed with humility-“ Baideu, please let me join the Mrityu Bahini. I shall keep the glory of the flag intact sacrificing my life if needed “. Untimely she was given the permission to join after a long discussion having been failed to forbid the unrest desire of the girls . Pushpalata was supposed to lead the procession of Gagpur Police Station. But Kanaklata forcefully occupied that position and Jyotiprased and others also told Pushpalata that  police might hesitate to fire if they saw a young girl in the front. So, Pushpalata decided to lead procession in Dhekiajulee, Leaving her place to Kanaklata with respect to her heartiest desire It was planned to hoist Indian flag in all the police stations  in the same day. Jyotiprasad was an underground worker at that time. He supposed to go to Kolkata sending Pushpalata to Dhekiajulee . But Pushpalata got a news that her husband Amiyo Kumar Das was seriously ill. Mrs. Das thought of visiting her husband in Tezpur on her way to Dhekiajulee but everybody did forbid  her to start her journey at night and advised her wait till down. In the morning on her way to Tezpur, she came to know that police had been waiting to arrest her. Coming to Tezpur, she came to know that the news of her husband’s illness was not true, it was rather a conspiracy.


Kanaklata readily led the procession with much enthusiasm and proceeded to hoist the flag, Within no time, the tender body of that fourteen year old girl smashed with the bullets from the guns of British army. Kanaklata handed over the flag to one of his companion to save the flag from failing down. She did not cease to walk forward with fear of death by British firing.  She kept the honour of the flag intact with her strong determination and devotion. The drops of the red blood young Kanaklata splashed over the pages of history.


The news of Kanaklata made Pushpalata burst into tears with extreme pain . At that time she was in prison as she had been arrested after her entry in Tezpur . She had been in solitary confinement for three and half years . She was transferred to Jorhat prison by ship after keeping her in Tezpur prison for one month. She was kept in a cell fenced with bamboo and her bed was also made of bamboo. As a result she suffered from severe cough problem and she was shifted for medical treatment doubting tuberculosis.


Jail visitors Dulal Bhattachayya and few others told her that they would arrange a spinning wheel for her in the prison to pass her time. That was the time when she was in the Tezpur prison. Few days later the spinning wheel came . She used to spin cotton sitting in the lonely prison keeping aside the sheets of small papers she got in the cotton wisps. In one sheet she suddenly noticed a number and leaving aside her spinning work she began to collect papers from the wisps and joined the numbers. She received lost of news of firing in Gohpur. The news of Kanaklata’s death was an unbearable one that made her shedding tears alone in the jail. She was consoled by some news sent to her applying amazing technique. In prison it was quite impossible to meet someone or to read any news papers.


In their conjugal life, Pushpalata and Amiyo Kumar Das could hardly spend time together. Sometime they used to meet amidst poor villagers, sometime in prison and rarely at home. Actually they hardly had a home of their own. Mr. Das used to stay with his maternal uncle while he was in Tezpur. In Guwahati he used to stay in the residence of Dr. Bhubanewar Baruah, uncle of Pushpalata and in other place, people used to make arrangement for him. His plot of land in Dhekiajulee was given the him by a man from tea tribe. The Das couple did so much for the welfare of the tea tribe that they used to consider them their God. In that plot of land a house was built with reed by people. That property was donated for the ‘social welfare’ after his death according to the wishes of Mr. Das. That property is now a handicraft training center for the economically backward tribes, labourers and women to provide adequate education for their self resistance.


In January 1947, in a special confidential meeting of the All India Congress Committee held in Delhi wherein Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru put forward his argument in favour of sovereignty in the hand of federal court, Pushpalata Das speaking on behalf of Assam, stunned everybody with her strong argument against Mr. Nehru’s views in her fiery speech.


Aruna Ashraf Ali gave her a warm hug when she came down from the stage after her speech . She expressed the agony of Assam with emotion and sulkiness using soothing and restraint language in such a way that it could shake the Congress Working Committee of that time. After her speech, Pandit Nehru saved Assam from its inclusion to Pakistan by taking an amending proposal by Purushuttam Das. Tendon . Already Gopinath Bordoloi also had informed the mental agitation of the people of Assam  to the working committee.


In 1948, when both Amiya Kumar Das and Pushpalata Das were invited to join constituent assembly, Mr. Das was not in favour of that proposal Indicating some instances of couples joining assembly, he stayed back promoting his wife with an intension to work with a  grass root worker , Eventually, he had to join due to his wife’s decision not to join the assembly. Their thoughts and perceptions were very clear and impartial. They be lived that they should give chance to other workers too instead of going both of them together to the assembly.


In 1948, Pushpalata gave birth to her first and only child Jeu (Nandini). She now occupied with a new sweet experience of bringing up her child coming from her busy schedule of political and social works. Due to her excessive work pressure and various problems during her pregnancy, the weight of her newly born baby was only two and half pound. Her aunt Induprabha Baruah and uncle Dr. Bhubanswar Baruah tried their level best to bring up the little child keeping her amidst cotton balls.


In 1951, Mrs. Pushpalata Das was elected as an M.P. to Rajiyasabha for the first time from Shillong. Second time she was elected from Tezpur. She had been serving as MP for ten years in total. They used to live a very simple life even while Mr. Das was a minister of Assam ministry. They used to spend major amount of their salary for the welfare of the society and kept only a small portion for themselves. The simple life they used to lead was known and admired by all.


In 1958, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi coming to Guwahati to attend Pandu Congress Conference searched for Pushpalata Das in the airport and they sent a message to meet them. Pandit Nehru was very pleased to meet her. Indira Gandhi requested her to be a member of working committee,but  Pushpalata  objected with a fear of losing the power of speech. But Indira Gandhi comforted her by saying – If you sometime feet like that you may come out. But now an honest and devoted worker like you is very much needed and that is why I am requesting you again and again. Ultimately she became a member of the working committee responding the constant request from the congress workers of Assam. She was also requested to take the responsibility of Parliament Secretary and Deputy Minister. But she declined those proposals as she be lived that other workers should also get some opportunity to serve the county.


Pushpalata Das had the capacity of delivering her lecture using sweet poetic language.. While she was in Rajya Sabha, she used to express her strong resolutions using soft language . As an orator she has been occupying a distinct place in Assam as an well in India. She visited many country of East- Europe as a delegate of Indian Government whiles she was a member of parliament . She brought back glory and honour to the country visiting Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Italy, Egypt, West Germany, French, England and many places of Saudi Arabia in 1959.


The lecture she delivered centering round the problems of language agitation in Assam in 1960 created strong reaction both inside and outside the country, she presented in her speech in parliament could shake  both inside and outside the country. Then Home Minister Govind Ballav Pant appreciated her speech as a –“ remarkable speech .“Dr Nihar Ranjan Rai, MP from Bengal also praised her speech as –“ Wonderful speech.” Another MP from Maharashtra commented-“ When Mrs. Das stood I could guess that it would be a ‘dignified speech . You have attacked the anti Assam leaders of Bengal, but there is no bitterness in the speech and it is in this that lies the magnanimity of the speech. P.S.P leader of Rajya Sabha Atin Basu went forward as soon as she finished her speech and said—“I could not life my head and shame. Our forefathers have done same injustice, for which we are suffering now... On behalf of all Bengali people I beg forgiveness from Mrs. Das,’’ Bhupesh Gupta remarked – “Whole speech seemed to be a poem’’. Eminent Journalist and MP of that time Sapalakanta Bhjattacharjee said-“ A speech flew down from his eye listening to the speech of Pushpalata Das. It is notable that Bhattacharjee was known as Anti- Assam  leader at that time. Many news papers presented that news with headline as– “ Fought like Mulagabharu”. Heaps of letters from Assam went to her carrying so much praise and appreciation Nalinibala Devi, Satradhikar (Chief monk) of Garamur Satra etc also sent letters of appreciation to her. Assam Kesori Ambika Giri Raichoudhury wrote to Pushpalata Das- In Rajyasabha, you with fearless eligibility showing zent spoke out the heart & mind of exploited Assamese and created astonishment in whole India and by thus you set an instance of the humanistic attitude of courageous daughter of Assam… you are praiseworthy for that ……… Whole Assamese nation is deified. She is Pushpalata with a unique personality.


Pushpalata, very simple by nature with honest and strong personality, was taken into very much confidence and faith by the Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and it ia expressed in various incidents. Many rumors were in air during the time of Assamese language Agitation and these were published in the news paper of both Assam and Bengal. The panic situation created by these rumors made many people refugees. To convey the real truth to the refugees and to send them to their respective homes, Prime Minister Nehru sent Indira Gandhi and Pushpalata Das to Koch Bihar by the airplane gifted to him by Russia which was almost like a house with an office room, dining  room and a bed room too. Sucheta Kripalini, Abha Mairty and Lala Ashinta Ram also had already arrived Koch Bihar. They saw that a maddened crowd of young boys were waiting in the air port. They could guess the evil intention of the crowd and Indira Gandhi therefore instructed the pilot to park the plane left after they had landed. When Ashintyaram and other officers came forward, the group of boys approached them breaking the security check. Drunk , maddened boys had two black sarees in  their hand. One was for Indira Gandhi tore the saree with her teeth given to her with a very dirty gesture. With high security the police immediately look Gandhi to the  circuit house leaving Pushpalata alone in hurry. The whole incident happened so suddenly that nobody noticed that Puspalata was left along. Pushpalata Das also realized it only after they had left. Without any deep speculation , when she stepped forward that ferocious group surrounded her and asked whether she is Pushpalata Das. Immediately after her positive answers, a boy rushed to pull Pushpalata Das without showing any anger or bitterness gazed at the red eyes of the boys with a soft look grasping her breasts with her hands. There prevailed a silence for a moment. Suddenly a tall, long haired drunk boy came to her and protecting her with his hands shouted in Bengali – No, No I would never allow mother to be insulted . I will protect her honour. Don’t come forward.” The voice was weak but emotional and confident. It seems some miracle has happened. All other boys stepped back. Now Pushpalata Das stepped forward to the circuit house without any obstacle, without any fear. The whole crowd also followed her. They enquired whether the news of heinous killings is true or not. Pushpalata  tried to convince them that the news is more rumors to create sensation amongst people. She also urged- “If you want to visit those place to know the truth. I would request government to bring you there. You can pay an  appeal today itself to Indira Gandhi residing in the circuit house.” The Group of boys returned quietly leaving. Pushpalata  in the circuit house. Already an uproarious situation occurred when all realized that they left Pushpalata amongst mob. Indira Gandhi sent people to search her and out of tension when she herself was about to go out Pushpalata stepped in the Varanda of the circuit house. This shows what a unique personality Pushpalata Das was.


During the time of Chinese aggression in 1962, Amiyo Kumar Das and Pushpalata Das stayed back alone in desolate Dhekiajulee, Tezpur. Those who had the capacity and even the leaders, head and administrators of the country left for different place like Guwahati, Delhi etc: wherever they could go . Before the left the political leaders advised Amiyo Kumar Das to leave Dhekiajulee as they feared that if they were caught by the enemy, they might be tortured violently for secret information. But   Mr. and Mrs. Das did not go anywhere and objected to leave their people in such a measurable condition. They visited many houses of the workers and appealed them not to be emigrant leaving their homes with fear. They suggested that if war breaks they should go inside the village. If required, they should defend themselves being united. Even if the owner, manager leave, he urged the workers to continue their work. Taking the pain of distributing ration amongst the labours, they inserted courage and mental strength in them to stay back in tea gardens. During those days in Tezpur, currencies were burnt, mileposts, houses were destroyed. In such one midnight at around 2 o’clock, somebody knocked at the door of Pushpalata Das’s house. Assuming somebody from Chinses Arm force, Mr Das opened the door without hesitation. But he was surprised to see Indira Gandhi and Jashpal Kapoor in this threshold. In their cottage they have no arrangement to offer them proper hospitality (Fooding & Lodging). But Pandit Jawaharilal Nehru sent his daughter Indira Gandhi to meet only Pushpalata and Amiyo Kumer Das. He said – Stay there until Assam is rescued. Already Fakaruddin Ali Ahmed Saheb and Tripathi Saheb went to Shilling. They story of Pushpalata Das who used to work without food and sleep for making the mental strength of people intact was published prominently in ‘Breeze’ news paper. Going back, Indira Gandhi broadcasted the devotion and courage of Pushpalata  Das again and again through radio.


After staying ten years in Rajya Sabha, Mrs. Das kept herself away from active politics for five years and engaged herself to work for the betterment of the poor along with her response to the ceaseless requests of people, in 1967 Pushpalata contested from Dhekiajulee constituency and was elected to state assembly. Since then they permanently settled privileged people around.


In 21 January, 1975 Pushpalat Das went to Guwahati with her husband Amiyo Kumar Das. Next  day on 22th they attended  a couple of meeting . On 23rd January Amiyo Kumar Das suddenly died of coronary Thromphosis in his son-in-law’s place. A woman who stood bold in front of any kind of adverse situation was hurt severely at the death of her life partner Amiyo Kumar Das . She could not imaging such a disaster in her life.


Ever courageous and strong Pushpalata was shacked with the unbearable trauma of the loss of her husband who had been her companion in both of her life and struggle. She never even imagined that their happy conjugal life would end so unexpectedly. In the ears of Pushpalata, who became dumb and motionless after that shock, her husband seemed to remind her duty. She again engaged herself in her duty to serve the society. She donated her property in Dhekiajulee to ‘Welfare home’ for the poor according to the wishes of her husband. She even returned back Rs.5000 given by government for the death ceremony of her husband. This time she served the society staying away from active politics. Apple’s eye of the society Pushpalata Das was wanted raptly by many organizations. Therefore she had to be a member of ‘Shillong Mahila Samittee’ member of ‘Bharat Sewak Samaj”. Honorary President of T.B. Association, a member of APCC, Chairperson of Khadi Gramadyog  borad, Member of Kasturba Ashram , Chairperson  of Assam Savings Board, member of the Court of Dibrugarh University, member of women Wing of Planning commission, member of Central Social Welfare Advisory Board, member of the All India Radio, Guwahati and Delhi and member of East India Mission picture’s Sensor Board.


The writing of Pushpalata Das outstanding. From a very young age, she used to contribute to be periodicals like “Arun” and “Akon” later she wrote many valuable articles in the pages of ‘Bahi’, ‘Asom Sewak’ , Jayanti’, ‘Navajyog’, ‘Natun Asomiya’, Dainik Asom’, Asom Bani’, Saptahik Nilachal’, Prakash, Lokayar’, etc. Amongst Chandraprabha’ (rebelChanddrapaba) it noteworthy. In her style of writing there is a articles characteristic which is distinctively her own .We find some rare information in her biographical like –“Silent Rebal Vinoba”, :Future of Assam in the thoughts of Medhi”, “The man Bhupesh  Gupta”, “the man I respected  from heart” (Amiyo Kumaer Das),“Whose life itself is a poem” (on Dimbeswar Neog), “Benudhar, who became history within history” etc. Her language is very smooth and lucid. Her language with poetic touch always reveals a realistic picture in front of the eyes of the readers.


Pushpalata ‘s article on Chandraprabha  Saikiani , with whom she worked together , ‘Rebel Chandraprbha’ is a well written and a very precious one. On demand of many it an illustrative one. National  book trust took the responsibility of publishing it but unfortunately  it has not been published till date . it is notable that eminent litterateur Nirupana Borgohain wrote the beautiful novel ‘Abhijatri ‘ on the basis of this article by Pushpalata Das which could bag the prestigious Salutya Academi Award, she wrote more than two hundred articles in English, Hindi and Assamese. There would have been a number of books if we could compile her articles scattered in various magazine and news paper. For Pushpalta Das, who used to be busy and lived a lonely life. It was quite impossible to preserve her valuable literary creations. Many of her articles are lost due to the lake of proper preservation . only few pages of some of her articles have been found. The news papers  containing her article are also not with her at present as those were transferred to different hands .

Her available articles are-

1.          Swadhinata Andolonot Mahillar Sahayog (Cooperation of women in freedo. Movemen to (Om Shanti, Souvenir of sunitpur District Committee, Tezpur,1994).

2.          Gandhijir Sadhana (practice of Gandhji)  (Poyudhora , October, 1994).

3.          Vinobajir Jivan aru Darshan ( Life and Philosophy of Vinubaji)

4.          Samyayogi Samajir Pratik – 18th April (The symbol of Eglitarian Society -18th April).

5.          Agrajor Drishtit Yobati -Yobati ( Young stars in the eyes of seniors)

6.          Biswa Shanti- Ekhon Prithivie (World Peace –One Earth)

7.          Bharatiyo Jivanat Adarshaboth (Idealism in India life)

8.          Stree  Shakit (Women Power)

9.          Samajor Durniti Nirbaranat Narir Bhumika (Role of women in Eradicating Corruption from the Society).

10.      Bharitiyo Chintat Karuna Rasa (Kindness in Indian Thoughts )

11.      Shanti  aru Akyar Abedo nere (A Plea with Peace and Unity.)

12.      Banikanta Kakoti Devar Sahitya aru Prem (Literature and Love in Banikanata Kakoti)

13.      Khadi  aru Gramya  Udyog Board or Bhumika (Role of Khadi and Village Industry Board)

14.      Asomor Jati Gathantl Asomiya Narir Abadan aru Bhumika (Contribution and Role of Assamee Women to the Growth of Assamese Nationalism) .

15.      Gandhiji, Vinubaji aru Kasturba Gandhir Byaktitwa (Personality of Gandhiji, Vinubaji ND Kasturibai Gandhi)

16.      Gitar Sarbajaninata  (University of Gita)

17.      Nehrur Ipsita Adarsharaji (Desired Ideals of Nehru )

18.      Swadhinata Andolanat Nari Shaktir Bhumika (Role Women Power in the Freedom Movement )

19.      Samajar Drishtit Bikalanga (Handicapped in the Eyes of Society)

20.      Amiyo Kumar Das Devar Jivanar Dutiman Dish (A few directions in the life Amiyo  Kumar Das).

21.      Asmor Janajatiyo Tirota (Tribal Women of Assam)

22.      Asomor Stree Siksha (Women  Education in Assam)

23.      Gandhjir Jibanat maakor Prabhav (Impact of mother in Gandhiji’s Life)

24.      Manastwatikar Sokut Sishu (Child in the Eyes of Psychologists)

25.      Banga Deshar Bai-Bhoni (Sisters of Bengal)

26.      Bharatar Arthanaitk Parikalpana – Bon Yogan (Economic Planning of India-1)

27.      Bhartar Swadhinata Sangramat Asomor Barangani ( Contribution of Assam in the freedom movement of India)

28.      Matri Hridoy (Heart of a Mother)

29. Bharatiyo Narir Aain Swatteu  Adikarar Prashna (Question of Rights in spite of law of Indian Women)

30. Swadhinata Sangramat Asomiya Narir Bhumika (Role of Assamese Women in the freedom movement of India)

31. Vinobar Drishtit Aajir Yog (Present Age in the Eyes of Binuwa Payobhora,          December’94).

32.  “Om’ Shabda aru’Brahma’ Dharma (The word ‘Om’ and Brahma Religion)

33.  Nari aru Khadya Samasya (Women and Food Problem)

34.  Biswabir Biwabir Jawaharlal Nehru (World hero Jawaharlal Nehru)

35   Bideshi Bastu Barjanat Mahila.

36.  Drashta Purush Vinobaji (Prophet Vinobaji)

37. Bharatiyo Sahitya Magilar Abadan (Contribution of Women in Indian Literature)

38. Swadhinotwar Kalat Asomiya Mahilar Bhumika (Role of Assamese Women in

      Post Independent Era)

39.  Gandhiji aru Teur Samasamayik Byuki Tyagveer Hem Barua (Gandhiji and

        his Contemporaray Tyagveer Hem Barua)

40.  Vinoba Janma Satabarshiki Maitri Yatra are Kasturba Gandhi (Maitri Yatra

       on Vinobaji’s Birth Centenary Celebration and Kasturba Gandhi)

41.  Sadau Asom Sastha Barshik Lekhika Samarohor Sabhanetrir Bhasham

       (The President’s Speech of All Assam 6th Annual Lekhika Samaroh) in Nalbari.

42.   Matri Jatir Sikshar Prayojon (Need of Education for Women)

43.   kavi Pitambar Dweej or Kathare  (In the Words of Post Pitambar Dweej)

44.   Indirajir Sannidhyat (In close contact with Indiraji)

45.   Kaviguru Rabindranath.

46.   Phakuwa Rang Phoguwa – Sri Krishmar Doul Yatra Utsav.

47.   Gandhijr Sadhana  (Practice of Gandhiji (Poyubhora, 1980)

48.   Panditjir Sannidhyat (In Close contact with Panditji)

49.   Biyoli Belar Ghat –Pratighat  (Ups and Downs in the twilight of life)

50.   Narir Sangjata Sundar Kala Prem

51.   Mur SmaraniyoDin Bur(My Memorable Days) 

52. JatiyoSanghatit Narir Aabadan (Contribution of Women in National Integration).

53.   Gandhiji Janma Tithi (Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi)

54.   Nari Swadhinata Mur Drishtit (Women Liberty –in my Eyes)

55.   Biswa Shanti Bahini  (World Peace Army)

56.  Samajot Kanya Sisur Sthan aru Maryada   (Status and Honour of Girl Child

       in Society)

57.  Swabhawik Abasthat Bharatar Ekatar Upalabdhui    ( Realization of the Unity

       of India in Normal Situation)

58.   Greek Dashanik plato     ( Greek philosopher Plato)

59.   Bharatiya Sanhatir ata Bastav Rup ( A Reality of India’s Integration)

60.   Swadhinata Andolonor Suwaranat     ( In Memory of Freedom Movement)

61.   Bharatiya Jibanar Adarshabudh      ( Idealism in Indian Life)

62.   Abhutapurva Jatiyo Chetonabudh   ( Amazing National Consciousness)

63.  Rashtry Gathanat Mahilar Bhumika  ( Role of Women in the Formation of

       the Nation)

64.   Dujana Gurur Suwaranal   ( In Momory of two Seers)

65.  Vinobajir Bhudan- Gramdanor Prashangikata ( Relevance of Binuwa Bhawe’s

       Gift  of Land and Village)

66.   Kasturiba Suwarantr  ( In Memory of Kasturba)

67.   Gandhijr Arthanoitik Drishtibhongi (Economic of Freedom and Present)

68.   Swadhinatar Smriti aru Bartaman ( Memory of Freedom and Present)

69.   Gandhijr Drishtit Buniyadi Siksha  ( Primary Education in the Eyes of Gandhiji)

70.   Gou, Gandhiji aru Vinoba (Cow, Gandhiji and Vinoba)

71.   Buranjir Patat 18th Aprilar Mahatwa  (Importance of 18th April in the Pages

       of Histroy)

72.   Bardhakyar Samasya  (Problem of Old age)

73.   Binobaji

74.   Gandhiji Drishti Barotiyo Ekata  (Indian Harmony in the Eyes of Gandhiji)

75.   Jivika aru Youba Shakti (Livelihood and Youth Power)

76.   Gou, Gandhiji aru Vinoba (Religion and Politics)

77.   Barotiyo Swadhinata Sangramat Anny Besant or Barabgani (Contribution of

        Anny Besant in the Freedom Movement of India)

78.  Jatiyo Sanhati Gandhir Abadan (Contribution of Gandhiji to the

       National Integration)

79.   Asomiya Samaj aru Sanskriti  (Assamese Society and Culture)

80.  Vedic Yogot Bharatiyo Mahila   (Indian Women in Vedic Period)

81.  Nariya Sangrakhyan Kiyo Bisarise   (Why Women are Seeking Reservation)

82.   Sunitpur  

83.  Kurit Bhori Diute  (Stepping into the Age of Twenty)

84.  Narir Agatiya Biya-Ati Abhishop    (Early Marriage of Women a Curse)

85.  Asomor Raije Asom Gana Parishad Sarkaror pora Ki Bisare (Expectation

      of Assamese People from the Government of Asom Gana Parishad)

86.  Ekesure Bandha Duti Jiban –Purnima Sarala   (Two Lives Binding

       Together-Purnima –Sarala)

87.  Bagmibar Nilamoni Phukonor Bagmi Jivanor Esuwa   (A part of the loquacious

      life of Bagmibar Nilamoni Phukon.)

88.   Ghanakanta Phukon – Eti Sewabrati Mon (Gganakanta Phukon –Aservile Mind)

89.   Lakhmidhar Sarmar Suwaranst  (In memory of Lakhmidhar Sarma)

90.   Dr. Lalit Baruahr Byaktittwat Ebhumuki  (A glance in the personality of

      Dr. Lalit Baruah)

91.  Nirav Biplabi Vinuba   (Silent Rebet Vinuba)

92.  Medhir chintal Asomr Bhabisyat   (Futere of Assam in the Thoughts of Medhi)

93.  Bhupesh Gupta Manuhjon- (Bhupesh Gupta –the man)

94.  Mur Mone Sradha Kara Manuhjan – (Amiyo Kumar Das)

95.  Jibantuwai Jar Kabita (Whose life itself is a poem (about Dimbeswar Neog)

96.  Buranjir Bukut Buranji Huwa Benudhar (Benudhar, who became history

       With in history)

97. Jananayak Deweswar Sharma –Mur Smritit (People’s hero Debeswar Sarma –

       in my memory)

98.   Mur Drishtit Amal Prabha Das ( Amal Prabha Das in my eyes)

99.   “Chandangri”- Padmanath Gohain Barua.

100.  “Giri Mllika “- Raghunath Choudhury

101.  “Kabir Kamona”- Debakanta Barua

102    Rajianikanata Bordolui’s “Miri Jiyori”

103.   Deshpran Lakhidhar’s-“Maran Kamana”

104    Nalinibala Dev’s-‘Param Trishna’

105.   Chandra Kumar Agarwala’s – ‘Tejimala’

106.   ‘Koumudi’- Atul Chandra Hazarika

107.   Dimbeswar Neog’s- ‘Shapamukta’

108.   Chandra Kumar Agarwal’s- Madhuri’

109.   Viswa Bhawana

110. Egoraki Makor Aabedonere – ‘Minoti’ (Minoti’- With an appeal of a mother)

111.  Ratrapati Rajendra Prashadoloi Sador Samarpan (Humble submission

          to President Rajendra Prashed (Hindi)

112. Antarjyatik Mahila Basarat Asomor Nari Samaje Kenebhabe Kamot Agborha Uchit (How women of Assam should go forward in the International Women Year.)

113.   Gandhiji aru Ganatantra ( Gandhiji and Republic)

114.   Sikshak Divasar Kathare  (In the words of Teacher’s Day)

115.   1949 Sonor Bidai Kalot ( In the moment  of the farewell of 1949)

116.  Mukti yodha Laskheswar Barua Devar Smritit (In memory  of Freedom

        fighter Lakheswar Barua)

117. Dr. Kanak Chandra Barua Sannidhyat ( In company of Dr. Kanak      Chandra Barua)

118. Ejon Mukti Jujarur Drishtie Swadhinatar Panchash Basar (Fifty years of  India’s Freedom through the eyes of a freedom fighter.)

119.  The heritage of Assam in a nut- shell

120.  Gandhiji – ‘a writer

121.  Women Martyrs of Assam.

122.  Assamese Women and her status in society.

123.  Gandhiji Beauty of his teaching

124.  Nehru ji  – ‘As I knew hm.

125.   Assam – A profile.

126.  The role of Assamese Women in the freedom movement

127.  Maitri Vinobaji’s last message for Assam.

128.  Problem of unwanted child

129.   Life in the city- The Vagrant dwellers.

130.   Handicraft of Assam – ‘Its Past, Present and Future

131.   Glimpses of Assam

132.   Letter to Jayram Das Daulatram

133.   Secularism

134.   Kanaklata

135.   An Old Letter

136.   The Values that Nehru stood for.

137.   Chandraprabha Saikiani-Flame of Revolt

138.   Swadhraprabha Suruj (The sunbeam of freedom)

 This is not the complete list of her publications. Radio Talk and interviews are not include here. Her writings for children are also not mentioned here. Only a few articles received are cited here.


Amongst her creative literary words. “Contribution of Women in Indian Literature” is a precious one. She writes in the beginning of the article –“…. Art is the outcome of human endeavor directed for creative beauty.: Again she writes- “Pursuit of truth, love for God and Worship of Beauty is source of the creator. The epics were created in the world till then, until when a nation could celebrate this art of devotion.” In an article on gender equality, she  writes-“How far it is possible to take initiative in the literary world can be proved by women of past and present. Verses of Verses of Veda were written and chanted by women in this India, Recollecting the memories of those days when both men and women used to take part equally in knowledge and religious discussions , she write- “ The glory of Indian women had been neglected until the history abandoned days in spite of the birth of legendary women like –Debahuti, Viswawara, Lupamudra, Aitreyee, Gargi, Maitrayee etc. in this nation. But these incidents do not reflect any lack of capability, it rather reflects an absence of favorable condition.” While going to take the names of some legendary women who overcame the social restrictions even in an non-independent country and could shine with their talent, she takes the name of Pandita Rama Bai Saraswat . She sats- “ Rama Bai without any school or college education could occupy the position of professor in European college. She was the juncture between the education of East and West. The flow of her writing could flood both Eastern and Western world. Mrs. Das also writes about the awakening brought by 16th century Vaishnava movement to the lives of women of Bengal. 


“That time brought a kind of fertility to the thought and  mind of Bengali women . In the Vaishnavite literature of that period, the names like Sita Devi, Jahnabi, Vishnupriya, Madhvi, Gangamoni, Chandrewati, Anandamoyee, Priyongboda, Vaijayonti and Jaminee are especially notable.” Mentioning about the contribution of Thakur family of Jura Saku to the development of literature music and art of Bengal, she write – “The first women novelist of Bengal Swarna Kumari  Devi was born in this great family” In 1876 her first novel “Deep-Nirban” was published. Her multifaceted talent was not confined to writing novel only. She wrote a number of short story , drama, poem and songs. After Swarna Kumari Devi, many women writer emerged in Bengal. Amongst them, Nirupama Devi, Anurupa Devi, Indira Devi, Sita Devi, Shanta Devi, Prabhawati Devi, Saraswati etc. are notable. In poetic literature Taru tutt, Sarujini Naidu, Kamini Rai, Jashu Kumari Basu, Radhasani Dutta’s contributions are remarkable . Kamini Rai’s ‘ Alu’s O Saya “ is still glittering in the Bengal literature. The literary works of the poetess Sri Bharti Sarabhai from Gujarat enriched both Guajarati and English literature. Pushpalata mentions that Head lecturer  of  JyoktPradesh  Prayag Mahila Vidyapith, Ex-editor of ‘Channd” magazine and the reviver of lyrical poem in  Hindi literature Mahadevi Verma is a remarkable writer in English.  Her poem books Nihar, Nirja, Rashmi, Sandhyageet etc. are delightful contributions to the Hindi literature. Mrs . Das writes –“ A different kind of sentiment is found in the poems of Subhadra Kumari . This ternd inclusion of this heroic sentiment is started by her for the first time in Hindi literature. It is-  which style was flown by this women for the first time in Hindi literature. Her”Jhansi Ki Rani” poem is a good expel of this “Vira Rasha” (heroic sentiments ). Pushpalata discusses the short story and article writers, poet, critic like Sivarani Premchand , Vidyawati Kokeel, Tara Pandey, Usha Mitra, Sumira Sinha, Satyawati Moulik and Sakuntala Suri from Panjab in her work. Amongst those who introduced a new kind enthusiasm and thoughts in literature, Mrs. Das takes the name of Mrs. Kamala Devi from Karnataka, Durgabai from Andhra Pradesh, Kamalabai Tilak from Maharashtra and Sarala Devi from Orissa. She writes –“ Sarala Devi  is an illustrious writer in Oriya literature”. She has contributed to Bengali literature too. Though there were many women writers in Tamil literature for original flow of thoughts, writers like Kamala Satinathan , Rukmini Devi, and Lakhi Anna have been occupying special position in the field of Tamil  literature.  Women writes like Lali Kutte and Sridevi with their works have enriched Malayalam literature with so many resources. A few women writers like Raja Soni, Janki Bai, Lalita Devi and others enriched the Telegu literary by investing it with aesthetic essence.”She writes about Assamese women in her article that like women of various parts of India, women society of Assam also has been contributing a great deal  to the literary world of Assam with their utmost capacity. After Late Padmawati and Saraswati Devi of Jonaki period, we get the trace of potes and writers like-Rajeswari Khatoniar, Dharmeswari Devi, Hemala Baruah, Hemaprabha Das, Nalinibala Devi and many others. Late Kamalaya Kakoti and Kanaklata Chaliha used to encourage  Assamese women to step into the world of literature through the monthly periodical “Gharjeuti”. Chandraprabha Saikiani besides  directing Abhijatri earned name and fame for her articles, novels, short stories and poem. Amongst the modern women writers some have carried a ray of hope to Assamese literature with their healthy and strong expressions. The growth of both original writings and translation literature can enrich a language. Mrs. Das believes that fine art is inseparably related to all aspects of Assamese women—domestic, social and political life.Assamese women would be able to lead Assamese literature to an outstanding position by adding splendor and brightness with their continuous literary practice for which there is need of earnestness and hard work. Though this articles were written years back, Mrs. Das’s in – depth study and well-ascertained expressions reflected in the article has considerable significance in the present scenario.


In her article ” Universality of Gita” Pushpalata  writes- “A small book like Gita has been a light house for human race since five thousand years. Scientists in science books, litterateur in literature, Saints in holy books put forward their own respective views and critical analysis. And it is Gita from which all –whether he is a Scientist, litterateur, saint, social worker or a revolutionary receive inspiration. Speaking about the importance of Gita in the critical situation of present time, she says-“ Human existence is jeopardized at present due to the extroversion of physical science. People are restless today. Life is becoming complex day by day due to hatred and distrust for each other. With the confluence of inward and outward observation can only make the manifestation of humanity possible. People of this world now have found this source of fulfillment in the pages of Gita. Pushpalata Das believes that the holy teachings of Gita not only satisfy the spiritual thirst, it also enlightens the thoughtful minds of all over the world. She quotes famous remarks of the Ex-Vice President of Yugoslavia Milborne Visualise ………………. “One cannot be a revolutionary in true sense, if he/she does not have ideas on the immortality of soul.”


Martyr Bhagat Singh standing in front of the gallows said- “Body is mortal but soul is Immortal. And with this mortal body one can perform his duties and there by can perceive our immortal soul. I gained this knowledge from mother Gita”. Pushpalata Das, citing many thought provoking quotes from various great personalities eastablishes the value of Gita in human life. Mrs. Das tell us how T.S.Eliot, the father of modern English poetry, remarks on the magnaimitynof the Gita. He Said that there are only two portical works of supreme order on this earth – one is the Bhagawat Gita and another is Divine Comedy by Danta.She tries to prove the wide acclamation of the Gita by refereeing of Alexander the Great who said that he would be able to die in peace as he had got the opportunity to read that precious book in his lifetime.


Writing an article by picking up valuable remarks of the thoughtful personalities from the pages of history is rare in  Assamese literature. Amongst her articles , Stree-sakti (women power) is a significant one where she analyses the word “stree” or “mahila’ in a very thought provoking way to establish the power of women and their importance. This interesting articles is written in such a simple language that anyone can understand the richness of its content. Her articles are very attractive due to her use of poetic language . Her article like - Role of Women in Eradicating Corruption from Society is an eye opening one for womenfolk where she analyses the duty of to keep her husband away from any kind corruption . She believes that a women can create both hell and heaven on earth if she wishes. . So she thinks that womenfolk can play a significant role to eradicate corruption from the society.


Das’s another significant article ‘Handicap – in the eyes of Society’ shows how those deprived people are part and parcel of our society citing some examples of great people like –social worker Halen Keller (who was deaf , dumb and blind), legendary  musician Beethoven and blind Louis Braille, Pushpalata Das says that they can contribute to the society in spite of their disabilities as they can feel the pain of deprived and they all had  strong determination at heart. Mrs Das’s another thought provoking article is Role and Contribution of Assamese Women in the formation of Assamese Nationalism in which she talks about the borders of Kamrupa drawn by Yogini Tantra. She thinks that the historical written accounts are not at all up to date. Even before history was written Assamese women like Rukmini, Usha, Bhanumoti, Padmawati, Beula could earn name and fame in  Indian history due to their beauty. Virtue and artistic talent. The stories of Chitrangada and Hirimba from North East are also very adorable.


The wide spread history of Kamrup from the time of Mahabharata to the time of king Naraka is a golden history of Assamese women.. Kings and princes from various parts of India felt proud to marry Assamese girls who always drawn towards proficiency.Mrs.Das givens us some examples of courageous legendary women of Assam who plunged in war to save their motherland from the grab of enemy. Amritprabha was a princess of Kamrup whose fame for beauty, virtue and talent were widely known. Meghabahan, king of Kashmir regained his throne after marring this virtuous women. Besides these stories of pride, Mr. Das reveals many names of Assamese women whose names have been written in history and literature with golden letters.


      Pushpalata Das leads a very simple life and it is well reflected how much she respects the philosophy and principle of Gandhiji and Vinobaji in her Khadi attire she wears every day.In her articles written on Gandhiji and Binobaji, she tries to present a clear and flawless picture of their munifgicent lives. Those pictures of love and sacrifice can serve as an ideal for the present day distracted  minds. Real values and peace of life lies in love and sacrifice.


Somewhere in the Maitri Vinobaji’s last message for Assam, Mrs .Das has written-“ Vinobaji’s Bhoodan movement itself is a manifestation of friendship where he broke the barrier between  rich  and poor. Gramdan is another step forward where no one is anyone’s master- all are equal like family members sharing their own village as their own. To unify this friendship he churned the sector of all the religions and served it to the hungry mind as the essence of Koran, Namghokha. His scientific mind appealed to all and his message is like the elixir to the thirsty souls. He appeals the right thinking people to adopt Devnagri script as the vehicle of their language and thought. It will not only minimise the strain on the brain of the future generation but it will enrich the vision of future.”


In her another article “Assamese Women and her Status in Society” she writes –“Assamese Women’s social disabilities are few as compared to other states of India. Child marriage, purdha system, Dowry system, professional prostitution, untouchability are uncommon things in Assamese Society. Assamese women’s status in the society also is not so low as she enjoys a certain amount of economic independence. In spite of all these advantages Assamese women feel restive about her status in the society. Her intellectual aptitudes, hungers of knowledge, thirst for something higher than bread alone which would magnify her personality with befitting dignity.”…. She also writes in the same article-“Assamese women are not lack of talents. Ancient history is full of proofs of their talents in various fields specially in the field’s of fine Arts and Literature.


The heritage of Assam in a nut-shell” is a  beautiful article published in “Vivekananda Kendra Patrika” where she wries- “Mahapurush Sankardeva was well versed in Sanskrit, but except Bhakti Ratnakar and Totoi (hymn) all other books were written in Assamese. Late Chinatamon Deshmukh, Finance Minister, Government of India, who was also’a great Sanskrit scholar said that –Sankardev’s Rukmini Haran Nat could be compared with Mahakabi Kalidas’s Shakuntala, if it was a written in Sankskrit the whole world have been benefitted with the sweetness of the verses whose every word carried different meaning’s……..”Angkianat or one act play is a creation of  Mahapurush Sankardev , afterwared many Vaishnavite poets of Medieaval Assam took this form….. “ She has written in the same  article-“ the late Rajagopalchari came to Assam as a member of the enquriry committee. He was charmed to see the activities of  the young workers. He was so much impressed by their personality that he wrote in “ YOUNG INDIA’S” editoral column  thus-‘ India would achieve independence in a year if she got  a group of selfless workers like the workers of Assam. If Rajai was alive today I donot know what he would have written . Today’s problem is the crisis of values.”


She wrote various valuable article like these in English, Assamese and Hindi. Her writing style is very lucid and attractive. She has the ability to make an article on a dull topic attractive using soft language. Dr. Banikanata Kakati once told Dr. Bhubaneswar Barua – You dragged a good writer to politics depriving her to be good litterateur. If Pushpalata Das could solely devote herself in study of literature deviated from social works, she could have enriched the field Assamese with her valuable contributions.


There would have been a number of books if we could compile her scattered articles. But unfortunately not a single book has been published till date. Is their time and energy to spend for herself for a selfless women like Pushpalata. But it is very unfortunate that neither any publication board nor publisher has shown any enthusiasm in this regard.


In spite of that, her pen never stopped though she had completed eighty two years of her life. She is still very young at heart with much passion and strength to work for the society. She is still very active and enthusiastic like a teenager. With a very sharp memory, she tells the story of freedom movement with so much vibrancy that a listener can visualize the incidents and personalities involved in the movement . It Pushpalata is a synonym for the words – talent and knowledge of high order.


(NB: - This article was prepared while Mrs. Pushpalata Das was alive.)



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