Shovaneswari Devi Goswami
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 Shovaneswari Devi Goswami  

 

Shovaneswari Devi Goswami

Shovaneswari Devi Goswami, wife of Harembeswar Deva Goswami of Sri Sri Disiri Ganya Satra, wrote a number of verse scripts in verse  at the end of 19th century and hence was popular as lady women script writer among the general public. One of the religious manuscripts written by her is still preserved in the Disiri Ganya Satra of Silanijan . Writing Script was not an easy task for a women belonging to the traditional and conservative society of that ear. However, she was inspired by her husband and father –in-law Krishna Mishra Deva Goswami. Renowned historian  Hiteswar Barbaruah wrote about Krishna Mishra in “ Ahomor Din’. According to him, Krishna Mishra was unparallel man in astrology and composed 28 Smritiratnas . From his days only Brahman a created threats to ‘Devagya’ as their main occupation Graha Puja, sacrifices and Dana etc were transferred to the hand of Brahmana. Apart from astrology, Krishna Mishra had vast knowledge of Vyakarana, Smriti, Nyaya, Upanishada and Puranas.

To know the life and philosophy of Shovaneswari Devi Goswami, the background of the household and family was necessary, hence the life of  Krishna Mishra in short is depicted here.

Shovaneswari Devi was born on Thursday fourteen days of the Assamese month Kati, 1857 at Amolapatty, Golaghat. She was the youngest daughter of Annada Devi and Yangeshwar Sharma Baruah of Lauhitya Baruah clan. She had lost her father at early childhood. But at that tender age she got some education from her father. Later she was taught the household works like weaving preparation of sacred thread, spinning etc. She got married to Harembeswar Deva Goswami, the youngest son of Krisha Mishra Deva Goswami of Disiri Ganya Satra at the age of 12 in 1869. At that time child marriage was prevailed in the society an Shovaneswari Devi was also tied in the binding of marriage before attaining puberty. But after marriage she read astrology, Vyakarana and Ratnamala amidst of her household works. Gradually she excelled in those literatures and began to prepare ‘Janmakundali’ In 1877, she gave birth to a boy named Gopika after that she gave birth to another son Tarini and two daughters. Historian Babaruah mentioned Gopika in ‘Ahomor Din’ as the lotus flower of the scion of famous Barister Krishna Mishra of Golaghat. Tarini , the sacred son of Shovaneswari established Disiri Ganga satra at Silanijan in 1903 and atarted a tea garden in the name of the mother there.

Shovaneswari had composed a number of astrological books. But due to lack of preservation these were perished in due course of time. The book which was preserved in the Satra containing the rituals of Satyanarayan Puja , Bishnupurana etc. She wrote another book named ‘Pretaratna’ based on the death rituals. In 1897, her elder daughter Chandramala Devi got married to Radhanath Goswami of Mahara Satre, who was the Proprietor of the  Radhabari T.E. of Dergoan. She went for pilgrimage in 1910 to Ganga, Gaya, Kashi, Prayag etc. She composed poem on the folk literature too. She left for heavenly abode on 4th days of Assamese month Shravan 1917.

The Shastras and manuscripts written by the ancestors of Chandika Ballabh Goswami were preserved by the family with utmost care. The above impression was the part of scriptures. Written by Shovanaswari Devi, the gradmother of Chandika Ballabh Goswami.

There are number of women among us working selflessly and devoted their lives for the uplift of the society. But their contributions are hardly known to the society. Sadau Asom Lekhika Samaroh Samiti is taking initiatives to find out the  contribution of women who are like hidden treasures of the society and thereby unveiling their historical significance also.

 

 

 

 
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