Suprova Dutta
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Daughter of respectable Manik Chandra Dutta and Telottana Dutta Hazarika, Suprpva Dutta was born with a silver spoon in her mouth in 1906 at south Amolapatty, Dibrugarh. She completed her primary education at the age of seven years. Born in a rich family, Suprova Dutta passed her early days in a very healthy environment. In spite of her keen interest in studies, she had to discontinue it only after having 7th standard. Her father wished that she should better learn some household duties. So, she was taught tailoring by an English lady and thus passed with honors in tailoring. Along with tailoring, she had to learn weaving, embroidery, knitting, crochet work and to prepare rice by paddle etc. In order to satisfy her longing for studies, she was taught English by a sister named Jugada Bordoloi.

For a short period, she was working as a teacher in an M.V. school. Her fondness for literature inspired her to write short stories, poems and plays from her school days onwards. By that time the Independence Movement was started. Suprova Dutta was greatly involved in that movement to make India free from the British rule. She was also greatly moved by Gandhiji’s creed of non violence. The rhyme-

‘Suta katu jatarat

Gandhi nuthe motorat’-

showed the very picture of mass awareness towards hand-spun clothes.

In 1926, during the middle period of the movement, her parents arranged her marriage with a twenty five years old youth named Gopal Chandra Dutta. His father‘s name was Thanuram Dutta Saikia. Suprova spent nearly five years at Dibrugarh after her marriage. At that same time she wrote book tilled ‘Sadharn Gyan’. Her next book ‘Krishi Bidhan’ was written in collaboration with her husband. They started their business by opening a book agency named ‘Thanu Agency’. They moved to Dhakuakhana after five years. At that time Gopal Chandra Dutta was a Mauzadar of Dhakhuakhana Mouza. There she wrote one book named ‘Rongili aru bogi khurir Kothup Kathan’. In spite of her family problems she practiced enthusiastically. With a background of the mass-movement of 1942 she wrote two plays named ‘Sainikar Pran’ and Emuthi Manuh Akhon Desh’. Suprova Dutta, a social worker by heart, started a first Mahila Samiti at Dhakuwakhana. In a meeting of that Mahila Samiti she read out an essay on ‘Bortoman Mahilar Kortobya’ to awaken the kind of the general people. At the same time she established an English School for girls by overcoming many obstacles in her way. Thus she involved herself in various social activities. After coming back to Dibrugarh again in 1949 Suprova Dutta becomes popular by associating herself in some social organizations. She was a member of Assam Sahitya Sabha and the secretary as well as the president of Dibrugarh Sahitya Samiti.

Her family founded a Hindi school at the Varandah of their house. Ganesh Bihari Shyam was the teacher of that school. Suprova Dutta had her ‘Prathame’ and ‘Provesika’ in Hindi from that school. She had also taken initiative to open a tailoring school, ‘named Salantika Tailoring School’. Moreover she started a ‘Moina Parijat’ for the children.

Suprova Dutta was the mother of three sons and five daughters. They were Lakhimi Phukan, Dr. Parul Dutta, Mukul Dutta, Bulu Baruah, Jyoti Dutta, Anjali Kalita, Swarana Saikia and Parimal Dutta respectively. Through it was big family, yet she never felt it hard in upbringing her children and made every possible means to educate them. Though she was burdened with various social works, her primary concern was literature. She composed a number of poems which lay scattered in her house. Some of these poems were destroyed by rats, and others were lost. The manuscripts of five volumes of poetry were (a) Asarai Kabita, (b) Kabitar Anjali, (c) Mohir Nizara, (d) Mukti and (e) Elani Kabita. Apart from these valuable writings Suprova Dutta had contributed a lot in the field of drama also. She wrote fourteen plays namely (a) Madhav Malatir Danda, (b) Lokshmanor Saktishel (c) Malatir Dan, (d) Borghar, (e) Aamuthi Manuh Akhen Desh, (f) Joy Amar Gaon, (g) Vote Biporjoy, (h) Lakshana, (i) Bhuruki, (j) Sainikar Pran, (k) Maalawati, (l) Khelimeli, (m) Dusta Lora, and (n) Ram Banbas (not completed) Moreover she published ‘Emuthi Manuah Akhan Desh’ and ‘Malawati’ a social play based on the Mass Movement of 1942. A number of short stories like ‘Khudha’ ‘Pratidhvanir Binani, ‘Bohagir Biya’ ‘Bhatri Sneh were scattered in the pages of various magazines.

In spite of the busy schedule of her family life, she never kept herself away from her social and literacy pursuits. She was an extraordinary and a farsighted lady, who adroitly managed her personal as well as social life. She died on 6th December, 1979. Her death was a great loss for the state of Assam.


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